Utilization of alkaline phosphatase fusions to identify secreted proteins, including potential efflux proteins and virulence factors from Helicobacter pylori

James E. Bina, Francis Nano, Robert E.W. Hancock

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22 Citations (Scopus)


The targeted genomic strategy of random fusions to a partial gene encoding a signal sequence-deficient fragment of bacterial alkaline phosphatase was utilized to screen for secreted proteins in Helicobacter pylori. The rationale for targeting extracytoplasmic proteins was based on the hypothesis that most virulence factors and vaccine candidates are secreted or exported proteins. In addition, extracytosolic proteins represent good potential targets for drug intervention since they are in general more accessible to drugs than are cytoplasmically localized proteins. The application of this strategy to H. pylori allowed the identification of putative virulence factors and novel targets for drug intervention including four putative antibiotic efflux genes. The strategy used here is rapid and technically simple, relatively inexpensive, adaptable to a wide variety of microbes and genetic systems, and selects for expressed and accessible proteins.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)63-68
Number of pages6
JournalFEMS Microbiology Letters
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished or Issued - 1 Mar 1997
Externally publishedYes


  • Helicobacter pylori
  • alkaline phosphatase
  • secreted protein
  • virulence factor

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Microbiology
  • Molecular Biology
  • Genetics

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