Aims: Patients with Q waves and T-wave inversion are generally at a later stage of the infarction process than patients without these changes. Our aim was to investigate whether a single assessment of electrocardiographic parameters at presentation would predict the proportion of myocardium salvageable by thrombolytic therapy. Methods and Results: Electrocardiographic algorithms to calculate the potential and final infarct size have been developed and allow the proportion of myocardium salvageable with therapy to be calculated. This was measured in 146 patients with acute myocardial infarction who had angiography at a median of 91 min after streptokinase. The relationship between myocardial salvage and the electrocardiographic parameters at presentation (Q waves, T-wave inversion, quantitative ST segment changes, and the initial QRS score), was examined together with the 90-min angiographic parameters (TIMI flow grade and collateral grade), clinical parameters (haemodynamics and age), and time to therapy. Parameters that correlated with myocardial salvage included the initial QRS score (r= - 0·56, P<0·0001). Q wave grade (r= - 0·36, P<0·0001) number of leads with ST depression (r=0·28, P<0·001), maximum ST depression (r=0·27, P<0·01), T-inversion grade (r=-0·26, P<0·01), and TIMI flow grade at 90 min (r=0·21, P<0·02). The time from symptom onset to thrombolytic therapy did not correlate with salvage (r= - 0·09). On multivariate analysis, only the initial QRS score and T-inversion grade on the initial electrocardiogram were independent predictors of salvage (multivariate r using both variables combined=0·57, P<0.001). Conclusions: The QRS score and T-wave inversion grade on the presenting electrocardiogram provide important information in predicting myocardial salvage. These parameters may help triage patients to appropriate therapies.
- Myocardial salvage
- QRS score
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine