Background: Good glycaemic control in type 2 diabetes can reduce both morbidity and mortality, and monitoring of glycated haemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) is currently recommended for this purpose. Methods: Haemoglobin A1c can be measured using the portable Bayer DCA 2000+. As part of a community-based screening project for chronic diseases, subjects with impaired fasting glucose concentrations or diabetes had their HbA 1c concentration measured on the analyser. HbA1c measurements were also made in a laboratory using cation-exchange high-performance liquid chromatography. Results were then compared to those obtained in the field. HbA1c values were loge transformed to obtain a normal distribution. Results: Mean (95% confidence interval) HbA1c measured on the DCA 2000+ (n = 39) was 6.3% (5.8, 6.9%), while that measured in the laboratory was 6.5% (6.0, 7.0%). The correlation coefficient (r) between the measurements was 0.96 (P<0.01). Bland-Altman analysis revealed that the DCA 2000+ estimate of HbA1c could be used interchangeably with that from the laboratory (mean bias = 0.1%, limits of agreement - 1.1, 0.8%). The sensitivity, specificity and positive predictive value of the DCA 2000+ estimate of HbA1c using a cut-off value of < 7% for adequate glycaemic control, were all 100%. Conclusions: The DCA 2000+ may be used to measure HbA1c in remote communities.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Clinical Biochemistry