Use of aminoglycosides for peritoneal dialysis-associated peritonitis does not affect residual renal function

Sunil V. Badve, Carmel M. Hawley, Stephen McDonald, Fiona G. Brown, Neil C. Boudville, Kathryn J. Wiggins, Kym M. Bannister, David W. Johnson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

27 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background.Aminoglycosides offer several potential benefits in their treatment of peritoneal dialysis (PD)-associated peritonitis, including low cost, activity against Gram-negative organisms (including Pseudomonas aeruginosa), synergistic bactericidal activity against some Gram-positive organisms (such as Staphylococci) and relatively low propensity to promote antimicrobial resistance. However, there is limited conflicting evidence that aminoglycosides may accelerate loss of residual renal function (RRF) in PD patients. The aim of this study was to study the effect of aminoglycoside use on slope of decline in RRF. Methods.The study included 2715 Australian patients receiving PD between October 2003 and December 2007 in whom at least two measurements of renal creatinine clearance were available. Patients were divided according to tertiles of slope of RRF decline (rapid, intermediate and slow). The primary outcome was the slope of RRF over time in patients who received aminoglycosides for PD peritonitis versus those who did not. Results.A total of 1412 patients (52%) experienced at least one episode of PD peritonitis. An aminoglycoside was used as the initial empiric antibiotic in 1075 patients. The slopes of RRF decline were similar in patients treated and not treated with at least one course of aminoglycoside (median [interquartile range]-0.26 [-1.17 to 0.04] mL/min/1.73 m 2/month versus-0.22 [-1.11 to 0.01] mL/min/1.73 m 2/month, P = 0.9). The slopes of RRF decline were also similar in patients receiving repeated courses of aminoglycoside. Conclusions.Empiric treatment with aminoglycoside for peritonitis was not associated with an adverse effect on RRF in PD patients.

LanguageEnglish
Pages381-387
Number of pages7
JournalNephrology Dialysis Transplantation
Volume27
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2012
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • aminoglycosides
  • end-stage kidney disease
  • peritoneal dialysis
  • peritonitis
  • residual renal function

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nephrology
  • Transplantation

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