Time-restricted eating: benefits, mechanisms, and challenges in translation

Prashant Regmi, Leonie K. Heilbronn

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

Abstract

Eating out of phase with daily circadian rhythms induces metabolic desynchrony in peripheral metabolic organs and may increase chronic disease risk. Time-restricted eating (TRE) is a dietary approach that consolidates all calorie intake to 6- to 10-h periods during the active phase of the day, without necessarily altering diet quality and quantity. TRE reduces body weight, improves glucose tolerance, protects from hepatosteatosis, increases metabolic flexibility, reduces atherogenic lipids and blood pressure, and improves gut function and cardiometabolic health in preclinical studies. This review discusses the importance of meal timing on the circadian system, the metabolic health benefits of TRE in preclinical models and humans, the possible mechanisms of action, the challenges we face in implementing TRE in humans, and the possible consequences of delaying initiation of TRE.

Original languageEnglish
Article number101161
JournaliScience
Volume23
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 26 Jun 2020

Keywords

  • Biological Sciences
  • Chronobiology
  • Nutrition

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General

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