The use of host defense peptides in root canal therapy in rats

Stella M.F. Lima, Mirna S. Freire, Ana Paula C. Cantuária, Danilo C.M. Martins, Ingrid A. Amorim, Elaine M.G.L. Dantas, Jade O. Farias, Márcio B. Castro, Jackson S. Silva, Fernando A. Barriviera, Maurício Barriviera, Jeeser A. Almeida, Isadora A. Uehara, Marcelo J.B. Silva, Ana Paula L. Oliveira, Osmar N. Silva, Robert E.W. Hancock, Octávio L. Franco, Taia M.B. Rezende

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Objectives: In order to evaluate host defense peptides (HDPs) HHC-10 and synoeca-MP activity in in vitro osteoclastogenesis process and in vivo induced apical periodontitis, testing the effect of molecules in the inflammatory response and in apical periodontitis size/volume after root canal treatment. Materials and methods: In vitro osteoclastogenesis was assessed on bone marrow cell cultures extracted from mice, while in vivo endodontic treatment involved rats treated with Ca(OH)2 or HDPs. In vitro osteoclasts were subjected to TRAP staining, and in vivo samples were evaluated by radiographic and tomographic exams, as well as histologic analysis. Results: None of the substances downregulated the in vitro osteoclastogenesis. Nevertheless, all treatments affected the average of apical periodontitis size in rats, although only teeth treated with HDPs demonstrated lower levels of the inflammatory process. These results demonstrated the in vivo potential of HDPs. Radiographic analysis suggested that HHC-10 and synoeca-MP-treated animals presented a similar lesion size than Ca(OH)2-treated animals after 7-day of endodontic treatment. However, tomography analysis demonstrated smaller lesion volume in synoeca-MP-treated animals than HHC-10 and Ca(OH)2-treated animals, after 7 days. Conclusions: These molecules demonstrated an auxiliary effect in endodontic treatment that might be related to its immunomodulatory ability, broad-spectrum antimicrobial activity, and possible induction of tissue repair at low concentrations. These results can encourage further investigations on the specific mechanisms of action in animal models to clarify the commercial applicability of these biomolecules for endodontic treatment. Clinical significance: HDPs have the potential to be adjuvant substances in endodontic therapy due to its potential to reduce inflammation in apical periodontitis.

Original languageEnglish
JournalClinical Oral Investigations
DOIs
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 1 Jan 2020

Keywords

  • Antimicrobial peptide
  • Apical periodontitis
  • HHC-10
  • Host defense peptides
  • Synoeca-MP

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Dentistry(all)

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