The role of high-density lipoproteins in diabetes and its vascular complications

Nathan K.P. Wong, Stephen J. Nicholls, Joanne T.M. Tan, Christina A. Bursill

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Almost 600 million people are predicted to have diabetes mellitus (DM) by 2035. Diabetic patients suffer from increased rates of microvascular and macrovascular complications, associated with dyslipidaemia, impaired angiogenic responses to ischaemia, accelerated atherosclerosis, and inflammation. Despite recent treatment advances, many diabetic patients remain refractory to current approaches, highlighting the need for alternative agents. There is emerging evidence that high-density lipoproteins (HDL) are able to rescue diabetes-related vascular complications through diverse mechanisms. Such protective functions of HDL, however, can be rendered dysfunctional within the pathological milieu of DM, triggering the development of vascular complications. HDL-modifying therapies remain controversial as many have had limited benefits on cardiovascular risk, although more recent trials are showing promise. This review will discuss the latest data from epidemiological, clinical, and pre-clinical studies demonstrating various roles for HDL in diabetes and its vascular complications that have the potential to facilitate its successful translation.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1680
JournalInternational Journal of Molecular Sciences
Volume19
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jun 2018

Keywords

  • Apolipoprotein A-I
  • Atherosclerosis
  • Complications
  • Diabetes mellitus
  • Dysfunctional
  • Dyslipidaemia
  • High-density lipoprotein
  • Macrovascular
  • Microvascular

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Catalysis
  • Molecular Biology
  • Spectroscopy
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Organic Chemistry
  • Inorganic Chemistry

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