The Leishmania mexicana A600 genes are functionally required for amastigote replication

Angus S. Murray, Miriam A. Lynn, W. Robert McMaster

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Leishmania parasites, the causative agent of leishmaniasis, have a digenetic lifecycle consisting of the morphologically distinct insect vector stage (promastigote) and the mammalian infective amastigote stage. Differentiation of promastigotes to the amastigote stage involves significant morphological and biochemical changes, however, very few genes have been characterised as being differentially expressed in the two stages. The Leishmania A600 genes are one of the few gene families that exhibit stage-specific expression and, as such, they are of interest as potential virulent factors. In this study, we characterize the A600 family in several Leishmania species and investigate their role in amastigote differentiation and proliferation. Four open reading frames, A600-1, A600-2, A600-3, and A600-4, were identified at the multi-gene L. mexicana A600 locus via cloning and restriction mapping. Homology searching identified A600 homologues in other Leishmania species, L. major, L. braziliensis and L. infantum but not in the closely related Trypanosoma family. A targeted gene deletion approach was utilized to determine the cellular function of the L. mexicana A600 genes. A600-/- promastigotes differentiated to axenic amastigotes in response to temperature shift and acidification of culture media, but showed significant growth arrest. Similarly, during in vitro macrophage infection studies, A600-/- promastigotes established an early infection, but were deficient in their ability to proliferate as intracellular amastigotes. The ability of A600-/- amastigotes to proliferate in mouse peritoneal macrophages was restored by re-introduction of the A600-1 gene, but not the A600-4 gene. The results from these experiments show that the A600-1 gene is essential for continued proliferation of amastigotes, and potentially for development of chronic leishmaniasis. Furthermore, these results suggest a potential role for the L. mexicana A600-deficient mutant as a vaccine candidate.

LanguageEnglish
Pages80-89
Number of pages10
JournalMolecular and Biochemical Parasitology
Volume172
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Aug 2010
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • A600 genes
  • Amastigote
  • Leishmania
  • Targeted gene deletion

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Parasitology
  • Molecular Biology

Cite this

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title = "The Leishmania mexicana A600 genes are functionally required for amastigote replication",
abstract = "Leishmania parasites, the causative agent of leishmaniasis, have a digenetic lifecycle consisting of the morphologically distinct insect vector stage (promastigote) and the mammalian infective amastigote stage. Differentiation of promastigotes to the amastigote stage involves significant morphological and biochemical changes, however, very few genes have been characterised as being differentially expressed in the two stages. The Leishmania A600 genes are one of the few gene families that exhibit stage-specific expression and, as such, they are of interest as potential virulent factors. In this study, we characterize the A600 family in several Leishmania species and investigate their role in amastigote differentiation and proliferation. Four open reading frames, A600-1, A600-2, A600-3, and A600-4, were identified at the multi-gene L. mexicana A600 locus via cloning and restriction mapping. Homology searching identified A600 homologues in other Leishmania species, L. major, L. braziliensis and L. infantum but not in the closely related Trypanosoma family. A targeted gene deletion approach was utilized to determine the cellular function of the L. mexicana A600 genes. A600-/- promastigotes differentiated to axenic amastigotes in response to temperature shift and acidification of culture media, but showed significant growth arrest. Similarly, during in vitro macrophage infection studies, A600-/- promastigotes established an early infection, but were deficient in their ability to proliferate as intracellular amastigotes. The ability of A600-/- amastigotes to proliferate in mouse peritoneal macrophages was restored by re-introduction of the A600-1 gene, but not the A600-4 gene. The results from these experiments show that the A600-1 gene is essential for continued proliferation of amastigotes, and potentially for development of chronic leishmaniasis. Furthermore, these results suggest a potential role for the L. mexicana A600-deficient mutant as a vaccine candidate.",
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The Leishmania mexicana A600 genes are functionally required for amastigote replication. / Murray, Angus S.; Lynn, Miriam A.; McMaster, W. Robert.

In: Molecular and Biochemical Parasitology, Vol. 172, No. 2, 01.08.2010, p. 80-89.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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