The innate defense regulator peptides IDR-HH2, IDR-1002, and IDR-1018 modulate human neutrophil functions

François Niyonsaba, Laurence Madera, Nicole Afacan, Ko Okumura, Hideoki Ogawa, Robert E.W. Hancock

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

53 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Although HDPs were originally hypothesized to act as antimicrobial agents, they also have been shown to broadly modulate the immune response through the activation of different cell types. We recently developed a series of novel, synthetic peptides, termed IDRs, which are conceptually based on a natural HDP, bovine bactenecin. We showed that IDR-1 and IDR-1002 protect the host against bacterial infections through the induction of chemokines. The objective of this study was to investigate the effects of the IDRs on various functions of human neutrophils. Here, we demonstrated that IDRHH2, IDR-1002, and IDR-1018 modulated the expression of neutrophil adhesion and activation markers. Moreover, these IDRs enhanced neutrophil adhesion to endothelial cells in a β2 integrin-dependent manner and induced neutrophil migration and chemokine production. The IDR peptides also increased the release of the neutrophil-generated HDPs (antimicrobial), human α-defensins, and LL-37 and augmented neutrophil-mediated killing of Escherichia coli. Notably, the IDRs significantly suppressed LPS-mediated neutrophil degranulation, the release of ROS, and the production of the inflammatory cytokines TNF-α and IL-10, consistent with their ability to dampen inflammation. As evidenced by the inhibitory effects of MAPK-specific inhibitors, IDRs activated the MAPK pathway that was required for chemokine production. In conclusion, our study provides novel evidence regarding the contribution of the IDR peptides to the innate immune response through the modulation of neutrophil functions. The results described here may aid in the development of IDRs as novel, antiinfective and immunomodulatory agents.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)159-170
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Leukocyte Biology
Volume94
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished or Issued - Jul 2013
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Cell activation
  • Chemotaxis
  • Host defense peptide
  • Immunomodulation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Immunology
  • Cell Biology

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