The high prevalence of diabetes mellitus on a Central Pacific island

P. Zimmet, P. Taft, A. Guinea, W. Guthrie, K. Thoma

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

128 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A diabetes prevalence study on an isolated urbanized Central Pacific island has established a prevalence rate of 34.4% in individuals aged 15 years and over. Of these, 10.4% had previously known diabetes; in the others the diagnosis was made on the basis of a plasma glucose level of at least 160 mg/100 ml 2h after a 75 gm oral glucose load. A further 11.3% of the subjects had borderline diabetes as judged by a 2-h plasma glucose of between 140 and 159 mg/100 ml. Of the diabetics, 72% had a positive family history of diabetes. The high prevalence rate appears to be related to a number of factors including a diabetic genotype, urbanization, and obesity.

LanguageEnglish
Pages111-115
Number of pages5
JournalDiabetologia
Volume13
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Apr 1977
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Diabetes
  • Micronesia
  • Pacific
  • borderline diabetics
  • obesity
  • prevalence
  • urbanization

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Internal Medicine
  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism

Cite this

Zimmet, P., Taft, P., Guinea, A., Guthrie, W., & Thoma, K. (1977). The high prevalence of diabetes mellitus on a Central Pacific island. Diabetologia, 13(2), 111-115. https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00745137