The effect of dietary energy restriction on body weight gain and the development of noninsulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (NIDDM) in Psammomys obesus

Ken Walder, Carolyn R. Dascaliuc, Paul A. Lewandowski, Andrew J. Sanigorski, Paul Zimmet, Greg R. Collier

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Food intake was restricted to 75% of ad libitum levels in 37 male Psammomys obesus (Israeli Sand Rats) from the ages of 4 (weaning) to 10 weeks. Energy restriction reduced the mean body weight at 10 weeks by 29% compared with 44 ad libitum fed controls. Hyperglycemia was prevented completely in the food-restricted group, and mean blood glucose concentrations were significantly reduced (3.8±0.2 vs. 5.5±0.4 μmol/L; p<0.05) compared with control animals. Plasma insulin concentrations were also decreased significantly compared with ad libitum fed controls (105 ± 13 vs. 241 ± 29 mU/L; p<0.05). Although energy restriction prevented hyperglycemia from developing in 10-week-old P. obesus, 19% of the food restricted animals still developed hyperinsulinemia. We concluded that hyperphagia between the ages of 4 to 10 weeks may be essential for the development of noninsulin-dependent diabetes mellitus in P. obesus, but that hyperinsulinemia may still occur in the absence of hyperphagia and hyperglycemia, suggesting a significant genetic influence on the development of hyperinsulinemia in this animal model.

LanguageEnglish
Pages193-200
Number of pages8
JournalObesity Research
Volume5
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1997
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Energy intake
  • Hyperinsulinemia
  • Hyperphagia

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Food Science
  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
  • Endocrinology
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

Cite this

Walder, Ken ; Dascaliuc, Carolyn R. ; Lewandowski, Paul A. ; Sanigorski, Andrew J. ; Zimmet, Paul ; Collier, Greg R. / The effect of dietary energy restriction on body weight gain and the development of noninsulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (NIDDM) in Psammomys obesus. In: Obesity Research. 1997 ; Vol. 5, No. 3. pp. 193-200.
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The effect of dietary energy restriction on body weight gain and the development of noninsulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (NIDDM) in Psammomys obesus. / Walder, Ken; Dascaliuc, Carolyn R.; Lewandowski, Paul A.; Sanigorski, Andrew J.; Zimmet, Paul; Collier, Greg R.

In: Obesity Research, Vol. 5, No. 3, 1997, p. 193-200.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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