On occasion, patients with a tricuspid annuloplasty ring may require permanent cardiac pacing. Although it is technically possible to pass a ventricular transvenous lead through a tricuspid valve with an annuloplasty ring, the procedure is complicated by considerable chamber enlargement and mechanical distortion of the tricuspid valve often with severe residual tricuspid regurgitation. Over a 25-month period, transvenous ventricular lead placement following insertion of a tricuspid annuloplasty ring was successfully performed in five patients (three women). The patient mean age was 66 years (range 55-77 years). Four cases had slow atrial fibrillation and another paroxysmal atrial fibrillation requiring His-bundle ablation. Two patients had mitral valve replacement and two aortic and mitral valve replacements. All patients had residual severe to torrential tricuspid regurgitation. Seven ventricular steroid-eluting screw-in leads were used. Single leads were used in three cases, whereas in two others, two ventricular leads were attached to a dual chamber pulse generator. Although technically difficult, ventricular lead placement was successful using standard guidewires with broad curvatures. Satisfactory acute and follow-up stimulation thresholds and sensing were obtained with the only complication being an intraoperative lead dislodgement, prompting a second ventricular lead. Successful transvenous lead placement across a tricuspid annuloplasty ring is possible.
- Tricuspid annuloplasty
- Ventricular pacing
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine