Tetrodotoxin-sensitive voltage-gated sodium channels regulate bladder afferent responses to distension

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Interstitial cystitis/bladder pain syndrome (IC/BPS) is a prevalent, chronic bladder disorder that negatively impacts the quality of life for;5% of the western population. Hypersensitivity of mechanosensory afferents embedded within the bladder wall is considered a key component in mediating IC/BPS symptoms. Bladder infusion of voltage-gated sodium (Nav) channel blockers show clinical efficacy in treating IC/BPS symptoms; however, the current repertoire of Nav channels expressed by and contributing to bladder afferent function is unknown. We used single-cell reverse-transcription polymerase chain reaction of retrogradely traced bladder-innervating dorsal root ganglia (DRG) neurons to determine the expression profile of Nav channels, and patch-clamp recordings to characterise the contribution of tetrodotoxin-sensitive (TTX-S) and tetrodotoxin-resistant (TTX-R) Nav channels to total sodium current and neuronal excitability. We determined the TTX-S and TTX-R contribution to mechanosensitive bladder afferent responses ex vivo and spinal dorsal horn activation in vivo. Single-cell reverse-transcription polymerase chain reaction of bladder-innervating DRG neurons revealed significant heterogeneity in Nav channel coexpression patterns. However, TTX-S Nav channels contribute the vast majority of the total sodium current density and regulate the neuronal excitability of bladder DRG neurons. Furthermore, TTX-S Nav channels mediate almost all bladder afferent responses to distension. In vivo intrabladder infusion of TTX significantly reduces activation of dorsal horn neurons within the spinal cord to bladder distension. These data provide the first comprehensive analysis of Nav channel expression within sensory afferents innervating the bladder. They also demonstrate an essential role for TTX-S Nav channel regulation of bladder-innervating DRG neuroexcitability, bladder afferent responses to distension, and nociceptive signalling to the spinal cord.

LanguageEnglish
Pages2573-2584
Number of pages12
JournalPain
Volume159
Issue number12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2018

Keywords

  • Afferent
  • Bladder
  • DRG
  • Na
  • Nociception
  • Spinal cord
  • TTX

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neurology
  • Clinical Neurology
  • Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine

Cite this

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title = "Tetrodotoxin-sensitive voltage-gated sodium channels regulate bladder afferent responses to distension",
abstract = "Interstitial cystitis/bladder pain syndrome (IC/BPS) is a prevalent, chronic bladder disorder that negatively impacts the quality of life for;5{\%} of the western population. Hypersensitivity of mechanosensory afferents embedded within the bladder wall is considered a key component in mediating IC/BPS symptoms. Bladder infusion of voltage-gated sodium (Nav) channel blockers show clinical efficacy in treating IC/BPS symptoms; however, the current repertoire of Nav channels expressed by and contributing to bladder afferent function is unknown. We used single-cell reverse-transcription polymerase chain reaction of retrogradely traced bladder-innervating dorsal root ganglia (DRG) neurons to determine the expression profile of Nav channels, and patch-clamp recordings to characterise the contribution of tetrodotoxin-sensitive (TTX-S) and tetrodotoxin-resistant (TTX-R) Nav channels to total sodium current and neuronal excitability. We determined the TTX-S and TTX-R contribution to mechanosensitive bladder afferent responses ex vivo and spinal dorsal horn activation in vivo. Single-cell reverse-transcription polymerase chain reaction of bladder-innervating DRG neurons revealed significant heterogeneity in Nav channel coexpression patterns. However, TTX-S Nav channels contribute the vast majority of the total sodium current density and regulate the neuronal excitability of bladder DRG neurons. Furthermore, TTX-S Nav channels mediate almost all bladder afferent responses to distension. In vivo intrabladder infusion of TTX significantly reduces activation of dorsal horn neurons within the spinal cord to bladder distension. These data provide the first comprehensive analysis of Nav channel expression within sensory afferents innervating the bladder. They also demonstrate an essential role for TTX-S Nav channel regulation of bladder-innervating DRG neuroexcitability, bladder afferent responses to distension, and nociceptive signalling to the spinal cord.",
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Tetrodotoxin-sensitive voltage-gated sodium channels regulate bladder afferent responses to distension. / Grundy, Luke; Erickson, Andelain; Caldwell, Ashlee; Garcia-Caraballo, Sonia; Rychkov, Grigori; Harrington, Andrea; Brierley, Stuart.

In: Pain, Vol. 159, No. 12, 01.01.2018, p. 2573-2584.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Tetrodotoxin-sensitive voltage-gated sodium channels regulate bladder afferent responses to distension

AU - Grundy, Luke

AU - Erickson, Andelain

AU - Caldwell, Ashlee

AU - Garcia-Caraballo, Sonia

AU - Rychkov, Grigori

AU - Harrington, Andrea

AU - Brierley, Stuart

PY - 2018/1/1

Y1 - 2018/1/1

N2 - Interstitial cystitis/bladder pain syndrome (IC/BPS) is a prevalent, chronic bladder disorder that negatively impacts the quality of life for;5% of the western population. Hypersensitivity of mechanosensory afferents embedded within the bladder wall is considered a key component in mediating IC/BPS symptoms. Bladder infusion of voltage-gated sodium (Nav) channel blockers show clinical efficacy in treating IC/BPS symptoms; however, the current repertoire of Nav channels expressed by and contributing to bladder afferent function is unknown. We used single-cell reverse-transcription polymerase chain reaction of retrogradely traced bladder-innervating dorsal root ganglia (DRG) neurons to determine the expression profile of Nav channels, and patch-clamp recordings to characterise the contribution of tetrodotoxin-sensitive (TTX-S) and tetrodotoxin-resistant (TTX-R) Nav channels to total sodium current and neuronal excitability. We determined the TTX-S and TTX-R contribution to mechanosensitive bladder afferent responses ex vivo and spinal dorsal horn activation in vivo. Single-cell reverse-transcription polymerase chain reaction of bladder-innervating DRG neurons revealed significant heterogeneity in Nav channel coexpression patterns. However, TTX-S Nav channels contribute the vast majority of the total sodium current density and regulate the neuronal excitability of bladder DRG neurons. Furthermore, TTX-S Nav channels mediate almost all bladder afferent responses to distension. In vivo intrabladder infusion of TTX significantly reduces activation of dorsal horn neurons within the spinal cord to bladder distension. These data provide the first comprehensive analysis of Nav channel expression within sensory afferents innervating the bladder. They also demonstrate an essential role for TTX-S Nav channel regulation of bladder-innervating DRG neuroexcitability, bladder afferent responses to distension, and nociceptive signalling to the spinal cord.

AB - Interstitial cystitis/bladder pain syndrome (IC/BPS) is a prevalent, chronic bladder disorder that negatively impacts the quality of life for;5% of the western population. Hypersensitivity of mechanosensory afferents embedded within the bladder wall is considered a key component in mediating IC/BPS symptoms. Bladder infusion of voltage-gated sodium (Nav) channel blockers show clinical efficacy in treating IC/BPS symptoms; however, the current repertoire of Nav channels expressed by and contributing to bladder afferent function is unknown. We used single-cell reverse-transcription polymerase chain reaction of retrogradely traced bladder-innervating dorsal root ganglia (DRG) neurons to determine the expression profile of Nav channels, and patch-clamp recordings to characterise the contribution of tetrodotoxin-sensitive (TTX-S) and tetrodotoxin-resistant (TTX-R) Nav channels to total sodium current and neuronal excitability. We determined the TTX-S and TTX-R contribution to mechanosensitive bladder afferent responses ex vivo and spinal dorsal horn activation in vivo. Single-cell reverse-transcription polymerase chain reaction of bladder-innervating DRG neurons revealed significant heterogeneity in Nav channel coexpression patterns. However, TTX-S Nav channels contribute the vast majority of the total sodium current density and regulate the neuronal excitability of bladder DRG neurons. Furthermore, TTX-S Nav channels mediate almost all bladder afferent responses to distension. In vivo intrabladder infusion of TTX significantly reduces activation of dorsal horn neurons within the spinal cord to bladder distension. These data provide the first comprehensive analysis of Nav channel expression within sensory afferents innervating the bladder. They also demonstrate an essential role for TTX-S Nav channel regulation of bladder-innervating DRG neuroexcitability, bladder afferent responses to distension, and nociceptive signalling to the spinal cord.

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