TBL2, a novel transducin family member in the WBS deletion: Characterization of the complete sequence, genomic structure, transcriptional variants and the mouse ortholog

Luis Perez-Jurado, Y. K. Wang, U. Francke, J. Cruces

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27 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Williams-Beuren syndrome (WBS) is a developmental disorder with multi-system manifestations caused by haploinsufficiency for contiguous genes deleted in chromosome region 7q11.23. The size of the deletion is similar in most patients due to a genomic duplication that predisposes to unequal meiotic crossover events. While hemizygosity at the elastin locus is responsible for the cardiovascular features, the contribution of other genes to the WBS phenotype remains to be demonstrated. We have identified a novel gene, TBL2, in the common WBS deletion. TBL2 is expressed as a 2.4-kb transcript predominantly in testis, skeletal muscle, heart and some endocrine tissues, with a larger ~ 5-kb transcript detected ubiquitously at lower levels. TBL2 encodes a protein with four putative WD40-repeats. An alternatively spliced transcript in TBL2 introduces a novel second exon with an in frame stop codon. This mRNA encodes a 75 amino acid protein with 43 amino acids identical to TBL2 at the N-terminus and no known functional domain. The mouse homolog, Tbl2, shows 84% sequence identity at the nucleotide level and 92% similarity at the amino acid level. Comparison of the mouse and human sequences identifies a conserved region that extends upstream of the previously published sequence with an initiation codon common to both species that adds 21 amino acids at the N-terminus. The Tbl2 gene has been mapped to mouse chromosome 5 in a region of conserved synteny with human 7q11.23. Since haploinsufficiency has been shown for other WD-repeat containing proteins, hemizygosity of TBL2 may contribute to some of the aspects of the complex WBS phenotype.

LanguageEnglish
Pages277-284
Number of pages8
JournalCytogenetics and Cell Genetics
Volume86
Issue number3-4
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 1999
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Genetics
  • Cell Biology

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