Subjective quality of vision before and after cataract surgery

Eirini Skiadaresi, Colm McAlinden, Konrad Pesudovs, Silvio Polizzi, Jyoti Khadka, Giuseppe Ravalico

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

32 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of cataract surgery on subjective quality of vision.

METHODS: The Quality of Vision (QoV) questionnaire (Italian translation) was completed before and 3 months after cataract surgery in 4 groups of patients recruited from September through December 2010: first eye with ocular comorbidity, first eye without ocular comorbidity, second eye with ocular comorbidity, and second eye without ocular comorbidity. The questionnaire measures 3 aspects of quality of vision: frequency, severity, and bothersome nature of symptoms. The Lens Opacities Classification System (LOCS) III was used for cataract grading. Friedman and Kruskal-Wallis H tests were performed to compare QoV scores within and between groups. Spearman rank correlations (rs) were calculated to investigate the correlation between LOCS III and QoV symptoms.

RESULTS: Two hundred twelve patients (mean [SD] age, 74.2 [8.7] years) were recruited, and 212 eyes were included in the study. Improvements in QoV scores were found in all 4 groups (P < .05). There were no statistically significant (P > .05) differences among the 4 groups in the improvement in QoV scores or in the preoperative or postoperative scores. Blurred vision was correlated with posterior subcapsular cataract (rs = 0.420, P = .04).

CONCLUSIONS: Cataract in one or both eyes causes a similar loss in subjective quality of vision, which is also irrespective of the presence of ocular comorbidity. Posterior subcapsular cataract causes the specific symptom "blurred vision." Cataract surgery resulted in a large and comparable improvement in subjective quality of vision, regardless of ocular comorbidity and first or second eye surgery.

LanguageEnglish
Pages1377-82
Number of pages6
JournalArchives of Ophthalmology
Volume130
Issue number11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2012
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Aged
  • Cataract
  • Female
  • Follow-Up Studies
  • Humans
  • Lenses, Intraocular
  • Male
  • Phacoemulsification
  • Postoperative Period
  • Preoperative Period
  • Prospective Studies
  • Quality of Life
  • Surveys and Questionnaires
  • Treatment Outcome
  • Vision, Ocular
  • Comparative Study
  • Journal Article

Cite this

Skiadaresi, E., McAlinden, C., Pesudovs, K., Polizzi, S., Khadka, J., & Ravalico, G. (2012). Subjective quality of vision before and after cataract surgery. Archives of Ophthalmology, 130(11), 1377-82. https://doi.org/10.1001/archophthalmol.2012.1603
Skiadaresi, Eirini ; McAlinden, Colm ; Pesudovs, Konrad ; Polizzi, Silvio ; Khadka, Jyoti ; Ravalico, Giuseppe. / Subjective quality of vision before and after cataract surgery. In: Archives of Ophthalmology. 2012 ; Vol. 130, No. 11. pp. 1377-82.
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Skiadaresi, E, McAlinden, C, Pesudovs, K, Polizzi, S, Khadka, J & Ravalico, G 2012, 'Subjective quality of vision before and after cataract surgery', Archives of Ophthalmology, vol. 130, no. 11, pp. 1377-82. https://doi.org/10.1001/archophthalmol.2012.1603

Subjective quality of vision before and after cataract surgery. / Skiadaresi, Eirini; McAlinden, Colm; Pesudovs, Konrad; Polizzi, Silvio; Khadka, Jyoti; Ravalico, Giuseppe.

In: Archives of Ophthalmology, Vol. 130, No. 11, 11.2012, p. 1377-82.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Subjective quality of vision before and after cataract surgery

AU - Skiadaresi, Eirini

AU - McAlinden, Colm

AU - Pesudovs, Konrad

AU - Polizzi, Silvio

AU - Khadka, Jyoti

AU - Ravalico, Giuseppe

PY - 2012/11

Y1 - 2012/11

N2 - OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of cataract surgery on subjective quality of vision.METHODS: The Quality of Vision (QoV) questionnaire (Italian translation) was completed before and 3 months after cataract surgery in 4 groups of patients recruited from September through December 2010: first eye with ocular comorbidity, first eye without ocular comorbidity, second eye with ocular comorbidity, and second eye without ocular comorbidity. The questionnaire measures 3 aspects of quality of vision: frequency, severity, and bothersome nature of symptoms. The Lens Opacities Classification System (LOCS) III was used for cataract grading. Friedman and Kruskal-Wallis H tests were performed to compare QoV scores within and between groups. Spearman rank correlations (rs) were calculated to investigate the correlation between LOCS III and QoV symptoms.RESULTS: Two hundred twelve patients (mean [SD] age, 74.2 [8.7] years) were recruited, and 212 eyes were included in the study. Improvements in QoV scores were found in all 4 groups (P < .05). There were no statistically significant (P > .05) differences among the 4 groups in the improvement in QoV scores or in the preoperative or postoperative scores. Blurred vision was correlated with posterior subcapsular cataract (rs = 0.420, P = .04).CONCLUSIONS: Cataract in one or both eyes causes a similar loss in subjective quality of vision, which is also irrespective of the presence of ocular comorbidity. Posterior subcapsular cataract causes the specific symptom "blurred vision." Cataract surgery resulted in a large and comparable improvement in subjective quality of vision, regardless of ocular comorbidity and first or second eye surgery.

AB - OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of cataract surgery on subjective quality of vision.METHODS: The Quality of Vision (QoV) questionnaire (Italian translation) was completed before and 3 months after cataract surgery in 4 groups of patients recruited from September through December 2010: first eye with ocular comorbidity, first eye without ocular comorbidity, second eye with ocular comorbidity, and second eye without ocular comorbidity. The questionnaire measures 3 aspects of quality of vision: frequency, severity, and bothersome nature of symptoms. The Lens Opacities Classification System (LOCS) III was used for cataract grading. Friedman and Kruskal-Wallis H tests were performed to compare QoV scores within and between groups. Spearman rank correlations (rs) were calculated to investigate the correlation between LOCS III and QoV symptoms.RESULTS: Two hundred twelve patients (mean [SD] age, 74.2 [8.7] years) were recruited, and 212 eyes were included in the study. Improvements in QoV scores were found in all 4 groups (P < .05). There were no statistically significant (P > .05) differences among the 4 groups in the improvement in QoV scores or in the preoperative or postoperative scores. Blurred vision was correlated with posterior subcapsular cataract (rs = 0.420, P = .04).CONCLUSIONS: Cataract in one or both eyes causes a similar loss in subjective quality of vision, which is also irrespective of the presence of ocular comorbidity. Posterior subcapsular cataract causes the specific symptom "blurred vision." Cataract surgery resulted in a large and comparable improvement in subjective quality of vision, regardless of ocular comorbidity and first or second eye surgery.

KW - Aged

KW - Cataract

KW - Female

KW - Follow-Up Studies

KW - Humans

KW - Lenses, Intraocular

KW - Male

KW - Phacoemulsification

KW - Postoperative Period

KW - Preoperative Period

KW - Prospective Studies

KW - Quality of Life

KW - Surveys and Questionnaires

KW - Treatment Outcome

KW - Vision, Ocular

KW - Comparative Study

KW - Journal Article

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DO - 10.1001/archophthalmol.2012.1603

M3 - Article

VL - 130

SP - 1377

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JO - Archives of Ophthalmology

T2 - Archives of Ophthalmology

JF - Archives of Ophthalmology

SN - 0003-9950

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ER -