Culture medium conditioned by mononuclear leukocytes (MNL) stimulated by formalin-fixed heat-killed Staphylococcus aureus (sCM) modulated a number of neutrophil functions. The sCM inhibited the locomotion of human neutrophils in both the presence and absence of a chemotactic gradient generated with N-formyl-L-methionyl-L-leucyl-L-phenylalanine (FMLP). It also stimulated the oxygen-dependent respiratory burst as assessed by its ability to stimulate basal H2O2, superoxide and chemiluminescence production by neutrophils. Neutrophils treated with sCM also showed increased release of lysozyme but not β-glucuronidase. In addition, the sCM-treated neutrophils showed a potentiated response to stimuli that bind surface receptors, i.e. FMLP and opsonized zymosan. The effects of sCM and either of the stimuli were synergistic. Examination of lysosomal enzyme release showed that sCM enhanced the release of lysozyme and β-glucuronidase induced by either FMLP/cytochalasin B or zymosan. The response to phorbol myristate acetate (PMA), which bypasses the surface receptor, was also stimulated but compared poorly with the FMLP response. The sCM effects on the FMLP-induced chemiluminescence response occurred even when FMLP addition was delayed for 4 hr. Cells treated with sCM and washed retained the ability to show an enhanced FMLP response. The neutrophil-modulating activity was not produced by MNL cultured in the absence of bacteria.
|Number of pages||8|
|Publication status||Published - 1 Jan 1987|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Immunology and Allergy