Socio-economic determinants factors of overweight and obesity among Saudi children

Nasser Alqahtani, Jane A. Scott, Saad Alshahrani, Shahid Ullah

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Abstract

Background: In recent decades obesity has emerged as a serious health issue among adolescents in developed and developing countries.Objective: The aim of this study is to investigate relationship between Socio-economic Status (SES) and obesity among adolescents in both urban and rural areas of Saudi.Methodology: Cross-sectional study was conducted in 2011 using a multistage randomization method. It surveyed 1139 adolescents, 447 from rural areas and 692 from urban districts of Riyadh region in Saudi Arabia.Results: Male adolescents living in households which had a domestic driver were at a significantly higher risk of being obese in both the urban (p= 0.02) and rural areas (p< 0.001). Urban females living in a medium-income household are at the risks of overweight (p= 0.02) and obesity (P< 0.01). The risk of obesity was almost 11-times higher for females living in households which had a driver (p= 0.01). Owning a computer was associated with an increased risk of overweight among urban adolescent females (p= 0.01).Conclusion: Overweight and obesity now represent a national health crisis threatening adolescents in particular. An immediate action is indeed important to fight against this serious health issue among this age group.
Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Obesity and Weight Loss Therapy
Volume4
Issue number241
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2014

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