Polymorphic inversions contribute to adaptation and phenotypic variation. However, large multi-centric association studies of inversions remain challenging. We present scoreInvHap, a method to genotype inversions from SNP data for genome-wide association studies (GWASs), overcoming important limitations of current methods and outperforming them in accuracy and applicability. scoreInvHap calls individual inversion-genotypes from a similarity score to the SNPs of experimentally validated references. It can be used on different sources of SNP data, including those with low SNP coverage such as exome sequencing, and is easily adaptable to genotype new inversions, either in humans or in other species. We present 20 human inversions that can be reliably and easily genotyped with scoreInvHap to discover their role in complex human traits, and illustrate a first genome-wide association study of experimentally-validated human inversions. scoreInvHap is implemented in R and it is freely available from Bioconductor.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
- Molecular Biology
- Cancer Research