OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study was to evaluate clinical outcomes and adverse events (AEs) experienced by patients treated within the Hospital in the Home (HITH) service of a major metropolitan hospital in South Australia.
METHODS: A retrospective case note audit of 100 HITH episodes among adults who received continuous intravenous antimicrobial therapy via an elastomeric or electronic infusion device was undertaken. Age- and sex-adjusted binomial logistic regression analyses were undertaken to identify factors associated with major and minor AEs.
RESULTS: Of the 100 patients included, 71 were male and the mean (SD) patient age was 62.8 (17.19) years. Elastomeric infusion devices were used for 98 patients. The mean (SD) HITH treatment duration was 20.1 (11.9) days. Overall, 130 AEs were documented for 72 patients (72%), of whom 12 patients experienced a major AE and 68 patients experienced a minor AE. There were 45 occasions among 23 patients where an infusion administered through an elastomeric device did not run to completion. Fifteen patients were readmitted to hospital. Minor AEs were more likely among people with more vascular line days (adjusted odds ratio [aOR] = 1.05; 95% confidence interval (CI) = 1.01-1.10 per day increase) and females (aOR = 4.43; 95% CI = 1.14-17.17). An increased number of vascular line days was associated with an increased likelihood of an incomplete infusion (aOR = 1.05; 95% CI = 1.01-1.09). Hospital readmission was more likely with increasing age (aOR = 1.06; 95% CI = 1.01-1.11 per year increase).
CONCLUSIONS: Adverse events need to be monitored carefully when HITH treatment is provided for extended periods.