The tumor suppressor Gadd45α was earlier shown to be a repressed target of sustained receptor-mediated ERK1/2 signaling. We have identified Gadd45α as a downregulated gene in response to constitutive signaling from two FLT3 mutants (FLT3-ITD and FLT3-TKD) commonly found in AML, and a leukemogenic GM-CSF receptor trans-membrane mutant (GMR-V449E). GADD45A mRNA downregulation is also associated with FLT3-ITD+ AML. Sustained ERK1/2 signaling contributes significantly to receptor-mediated downregulation of Gadd45α mRNA in FDB1 cells expressing activated receptor mutants, and in the FLT3-ITD+ cell line MV4;11. Knockdown of Gadd45α with shRNA led to increased growth and survival of FDB1 cells and enforced expression of Gadd45α in FDB1 cells expressing FLT3-ITD or GMR-V449E resulted in reduced growth and viability. Gadd45α overexpression in FLT3-ITD+ AML cell lines also resulted in reduced growth associated with increased apoptosis and G1/S cell cycle arrest. Overexpression of Gadd45α in FDB1 cells expressing GMR-V449E was sufficient to induce changes associated with myeloid differentiation suggesting Gadd45α downregulation contributes to the maintenance of receptor-induced myeloid differentiation block. Thus, we show that ERK1/2-mediated downregulation of Gadd45α by sustained receptor signaling contributes to growth, survival and arrested differentiation in AML.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research