Cystic fibrosis (CF) is an autosomal recessive lethal disease with an incidence in Slovakia of 1 affected in 1800 newborns. Within a year the incidence amounts to about 50 cases. Though the responsible gene has already been cloned, the only effective approach to prevention is prenatal diagnosis in the first and second trimester of pregnancy. The paper presents the results of the first five cases of prenatal diagnosis of CF established by the new rapid method of DNA analysis, polymerase chain reaction (PCR). Delta F508 deletion mutation and closely linked DNA polymorphism KM19/PstI were assessed. In two of the five cases studied the fetuses were found to be affected and pregnancy termination was indicated. To exclude the possibility of fetal DNA contamination with maternal DNA, the hypervariable DNA polymorphism VNTR apoB was determined simultaneously. The advantages of this approach are demonstrated on cases of prenatal diagnosis performed in two families where contamination of fetal DNA could be excluded. The value of the PCR method is being compared with that of Southern's hybridization method. (Tab. 2, Fig. 4, Ref. 27.).
|Translated title of the contribution||Rapid prenatal diagnosis of cystic fibrosis using the polymerase chain reaction: results of the first 5 cases|
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||Bratislavské lekárske listy|
|Publication status||Published - 1 Jan 1992|
ASJC Scopus subject areas