Causal mutations affecting quantitative trait variation can be good targets for marker-assisted selection for carcass traits in beef cattle. In this study, linkage and linkage disequilibrium analysis (LDLA) for four carcass traits was undertaken using 19 markers on bovine chromosome 14. The LDLA analysis detected quantitative trait loci (QTL) for carcass weight (CWT) and eye muscle area (EMA) at the same position at around 50 cM and surrounded by the markers FABP4SNP2774C>G and FABP4-μsat3237. The QTL for marbling (MAR) was identified at the midpoint of markers BMS4513 and RM137 in a 3.5-cM marker interval. The most likely position for a second QTL for CWT was found at the midpoint of tenth marker bracket (FABP4SNP2774C>G and FABP4-μsat3237). For this marker bracket, the total number of haplotypes was 34 with a most common frequency of 0.118. Effects of haplotypes on CWT varied from a -5-kg deviation for haplotype 6 to +8 kg for haplotype 23. To determine which genes contribute to the QTL effect, gene expression analysis was performed in muscle for a wide range of phenotypes. The results demonstrate that two genes, LOC781182 (p = 0.002) and TRPS1 (p = 0.006) were upregulated with increasing CWT and EMA, whereas only LOC614744 (p = 0.04) has a significant effect on intramuscular fat (IMF) content. Two genetic markers detected in FABP4 were the most likely QTL position in this QTL study, but FABP4 did not show a significant effect on both traits (CWT and EMA) in gene expression analysis. We conclude that three genes could be potential causal genes affecting carcass traits CWT, EMA, and IMF in Hanwoo.
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