Prognostic capacity of transvaginal hydrolaparoscopy to predict spontaneous pregnancy

E. A A Van Tetering, M. Y. Bongers, M. A H M Wiegerinck, B. W J Mol, C. A M Koks

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

21 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

BACKGROUND: In 1998, transvaginal hydrolaparoscopy (THL) was introduced as a new outpatient procedure for exploration of tubo-ovarian structures and tubal patency in subfertile patients. At present, there are no large studies that relate the findings at THL to fertility outcome. METHODS: Consecutive patients undergoing THL for subfertility between 2000 and 2004 were included in this prospective cohort study. Follow-up ended when ongoing pregnancy or tubal surgery occurred or at the day of last contact. Kaplan-Meier curves for the occurrence of intrauterine pregnancy (IUP) (spontaneous or after intrauterine insemination) were constructed for a normal THL, a THL with a one-sided tubal pathology and a THL with a two-sided tubal pathology. Fecundity rate ratios (FRRs) were calculated to express the association between THL findings and the occurrence of IUP. Patients rated their pain experiences and acceptability on a visual analogue scale (VAS). RESULTS: We included 272 women. In 96% (261) of the patients, access to the pouch of Douglas was achieved. Complications occurred in 2% of the procedures. In 203 (78%) patients, both tubo-ovarian structures could be visualized and tubal patency was shown. One-sided tubal occlusion was found in 10%, whereas two-sided tubal occlusion was seen in 4% of the patients. Adhesions and/or endometriosis were observed in 8% of the patients. The FRRs for one-sided tubal pathology, two-sided tubal pathology and adhesions/ endometriosis were 0.59, 0 and 0.80, respectively. The VAS scores showed pain to be limited and the procedure to be acceptable. CONCLUSION: THL is a feasible technique. Its capacity to predict spontaneous ongoing pregnancy is comparable to that of laparoscopy.

LanguageEnglish
Pages1091-1094
Number of pages4
JournalHuman Reproduction
Volume22
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2007

Keywords

  • Laparoscopy
  • Pregnancy
  • Subfertility
  • Transvaginal hydrolaparoscopy
  • Tubal pathology

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Reproductive Medicine
  • Obstetrics and Gynaecology

Cite this

Van Tetering, E. A. A., Bongers, M. Y., Wiegerinck, M. A. H. M., Mol, B. W. J., & Koks, C. A. M. (2007). Prognostic capacity of transvaginal hydrolaparoscopy to predict spontaneous pregnancy. Human Reproduction, 22(4), 1091-1094. https://doi.org/10.1093/humrep/del501
Van Tetering, E. A A ; Bongers, M. Y. ; Wiegerinck, M. A H M ; Mol, B. W J ; Koks, C. A M. / Prognostic capacity of transvaginal hydrolaparoscopy to predict spontaneous pregnancy. In: Human Reproduction. 2007 ; Vol. 22, No. 4. pp. 1091-1094.
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abstract = "BACKGROUND: In 1998, transvaginal hydrolaparoscopy (THL) was introduced as a new outpatient procedure for exploration of tubo-ovarian structures and tubal patency in subfertile patients. At present, there are no large studies that relate the findings at THL to fertility outcome. METHODS: Consecutive patients undergoing THL for subfertility between 2000 and 2004 were included in this prospective cohort study. Follow-up ended when ongoing pregnancy or tubal surgery occurred or at the day of last contact. Kaplan-Meier curves for the occurrence of intrauterine pregnancy (IUP) (spontaneous or after intrauterine insemination) were constructed for a normal THL, a THL with a one-sided tubal pathology and a THL with a two-sided tubal pathology. Fecundity rate ratios (FRRs) were calculated to express the association between THL findings and the occurrence of IUP. Patients rated their pain experiences and acceptability on a visual analogue scale (VAS). RESULTS: We included 272 women. In 96{\%} (261) of the patients, access to the pouch of Douglas was achieved. Complications occurred in 2{\%} of the procedures. In 203 (78{\%}) patients, both tubo-ovarian structures could be visualized and tubal patency was shown. One-sided tubal occlusion was found in 10{\%}, whereas two-sided tubal occlusion was seen in 4{\%} of the patients. Adhesions and/or endometriosis were observed in 8{\%} of the patients. The FRRs for one-sided tubal pathology, two-sided tubal pathology and adhesions/ endometriosis were 0.59, 0 and 0.80, respectively. The VAS scores showed pain to be limited and the procedure to be acceptable. CONCLUSION: THL is a feasible technique. Its capacity to predict spontaneous ongoing pregnancy is comparable to that of laparoscopy.",
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Van Tetering, EAA, Bongers, MY, Wiegerinck, MAHM, Mol, BWJ & Koks, CAM 2007, 'Prognostic capacity of transvaginal hydrolaparoscopy to predict spontaneous pregnancy', Human Reproduction, vol. 22, no. 4, pp. 1091-1094. https://doi.org/10.1093/humrep/del501

Prognostic capacity of transvaginal hydrolaparoscopy to predict spontaneous pregnancy. / Van Tetering, E. A A; Bongers, M. Y.; Wiegerinck, M. A H M; Mol, B. W J; Koks, C. A M.

In: Human Reproduction, Vol. 22, No. 4, 2007, p. 1091-1094.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Prognostic capacity of transvaginal hydrolaparoscopy to predict spontaneous pregnancy

AU - Van Tetering, E. A A

AU - Bongers, M. Y.

AU - Wiegerinck, M. A H M

AU - Mol, B. W J

AU - Koks, C. A M

PY - 2007

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N2 - BACKGROUND: In 1998, transvaginal hydrolaparoscopy (THL) was introduced as a new outpatient procedure for exploration of tubo-ovarian structures and tubal patency in subfertile patients. At present, there are no large studies that relate the findings at THL to fertility outcome. METHODS: Consecutive patients undergoing THL for subfertility between 2000 and 2004 were included in this prospective cohort study. Follow-up ended when ongoing pregnancy or tubal surgery occurred or at the day of last contact. Kaplan-Meier curves for the occurrence of intrauterine pregnancy (IUP) (spontaneous or after intrauterine insemination) were constructed for a normal THL, a THL with a one-sided tubal pathology and a THL with a two-sided tubal pathology. Fecundity rate ratios (FRRs) were calculated to express the association between THL findings and the occurrence of IUP. Patients rated their pain experiences and acceptability on a visual analogue scale (VAS). RESULTS: We included 272 women. In 96% (261) of the patients, access to the pouch of Douglas was achieved. Complications occurred in 2% of the procedures. In 203 (78%) patients, both tubo-ovarian structures could be visualized and tubal patency was shown. One-sided tubal occlusion was found in 10%, whereas two-sided tubal occlusion was seen in 4% of the patients. Adhesions and/or endometriosis were observed in 8% of the patients. The FRRs for one-sided tubal pathology, two-sided tubal pathology and adhesions/ endometriosis were 0.59, 0 and 0.80, respectively. The VAS scores showed pain to be limited and the procedure to be acceptable. CONCLUSION: THL is a feasible technique. Its capacity to predict spontaneous ongoing pregnancy is comparable to that of laparoscopy.

AB - BACKGROUND: In 1998, transvaginal hydrolaparoscopy (THL) was introduced as a new outpatient procedure for exploration of tubo-ovarian structures and tubal patency in subfertile patients. At present, there are no large studies that relate the findings at THL to fertility outcome. METHODS: Consecutive patients undergoing THL for subfertility between 2000 and 2004 were included in this prospective cohort study. Follow-up ended when ongoing pregnancy or tubal surgery occurred or at the day of last contact. Kaplan-Meier curves for the occurrence of intrauterine pregnancy (IUP) (spontaneous or after intrauterine insemination) were constructed for a normal THL, a THL with a one-sided tubal pathology and a THL with a two-sided tubal pathology. Fecundity rate ratios (FRRs) were calculated to express the association between THL findings and the occurrence of IUP. Patients rated their pain experiences and acceptability on a visual analogue scale (VAS). RESULTS: We included 272 women. In 96% (261) of the patients, access to the pouch of Douglas was achieved. Complications occurred in 2% of the procedures. In 203 (78%) patients, both tubo-ovarian structures could be visualized and tubal patency was shown. One-sided tubal occlusion was found in 10%, whereas two-sided tubal occlusion was seen in 4% of the patients. Adhesions and/or endometriosis were observed in 8% of the patients. The FRRs for one-sided tubal pathology, two-sided tubal pathology and adhesions/ endometriosis were 0.59, 0 and 0.80, respectively. The VAS scores showed pain to be limited and the procedure to be acceptable. CONCLUSION: THL is a feasible technique. Its capacity to predict spontaneous ongoing pregnancy is comparable to that of laparoscopy.

KW - Laparoscopy

KW - Pregnancy

KW - Subfertility

KW - Transvaginal hydrolaparoscopy

KW - Tubal pathology

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DO - 10.1093/humrep/del501

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