Prevalence and prognostic value of concealed structural abnormalities in patients with apparently idiopathic ventricular arrhythmias of left versus right ventricular origin: A magnetic resonance imaging study

Gaetano Nucifora, Daniele Muser, Pier Giorgio Masci, Andrea Barison, Luca Rebellato, Gianluca Piccoli, Elisabetta Daleffe, Mauro Toniolo, Davide Zanuttini, Domenico Facchin, Massimo Lombardi, Alessandro Proclemer

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31 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background-Routine diagnostic work-up occasionally does not identify any abnormality among patients with monomorphic ventricular arrhythmias (VAs) of left ventricular (LV) origin. Aim of this study was to investigate the value of cardiac MRI (cMRI) for the diagnostic work-up and prognostication of these patients. Methods and Results-Forty-six consecutive patients (65% males; mean age, 44±15 years) with monomorphic VA s of LV origin and negative routine diagnostic work-up were included. Seventy-four consecutive patients (60% males; mean age, 40±17 years) with apparently idiopathic monomorphic VA s of right ventricular origin served as control group. Both groups underwent comprehensive cMRI study and were followed-up for a median of 14 months (25th-75th percentiles, 7-37 months). The outcome event was an arrhythmic composite end point of sudden cardiac death or nonfatal episode of ventricular fbrillation or sustained ventricular tachycardia requiring external cardioversion or appropriate implantable cardioverter defbrillator therapy. The 2 groups of patients did not differ in age (P=0.14) and sex (P=0.57). No signifcant difference was observed between patients with VAs of LV origin and VAs of right ventricular origin about biventricular volumes and systolic function. cMRI demonstrated myocardial structural abnormalities in 19 (41%) patients with VAs of LV origin versus 4 (5%) patients with VA s of right ventricular origin (P<0.001). The outcome event occurred in 9 patients; myocardial structural abnormalities on cMRI were signifcantly related to the outcome event (hazard ratio, 41.6; 95% confdence interval, 5.2-225.0; P<0.001). Conclusions-Myocardial structural changes are detected by cMRI in a non-negligible proportion of patients with apparently idiopathic monomorphic VAs of LV origin and are associated with worse outcome.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)456-462
Number of pages7
JournalCirculation: Arrhythmia and Electrophysiology
Volume7
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2014

Keywords

  • Arrhythmias, cardiac
  • Arrhythmogenic right ventricular dysplasia
  • Fbrosis
  • Heart ventricles
  • Magnetic resonance imaging
  • Myocarditis
  • Prognosis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
  • Physiology (medical)

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