Prevalence and changes in analgesic medication utilisation 1 year prior to total joint replacement in an older cohort of patients

M. C.S. Inacio, K. Cashman, N. L. Pratt, M. H. Gillam, G. Caughey, S. E. Graves, E. E. Roughead

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

13 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objectives: To evaluate the prevalence and change in analgesic medications use prior to joint replacement in older patients between 2001 and 2012. Methods: A population based epidemiological study was conducted. Opioids, non-steroidal anti-inflammatories (NSAIDs), paracetamol, corticosteroid injections, medications for neuropathic pain, hypnotics, and muscle relaxants supplied 1 year prior to total knee replacement (TKR, n = 15,517) and hip replacement (THR, n = 10,018) were assessed. Patient characteristics and surgical indication adjusted prevalence ratios (PRs) and 95% confidence intervals (CI) are provided. Results: From 2001 to 2012, in the TKR cohort (median age 78.9) the prevalence of opioid use prior to surgery increased from 37% to 49% (PR = 1.01, 95% CI 1.00–1.01, P = 0.01), while in the THR cohort (median age 81.1) it increased from 44% to 54% (PR = 1.01, 95% CI 1.01–1.02, P < 0.001). Paracetamol use increased from 52% to 61% (PR = 1.0, 95% CI 1.0–1.0, P = 0.913) in the TKR cohort and from 55% to 67% (PR = 1.01, 95% CI 1.00–1.01, P = 0.005) in the THR cohort. Neuropathic pain medication use increased from 5% to 11% in the TKR cohort (PR = 1.04, 95% CI 1.02–1.06, P < 0.0001) and from 6% to 12% in the THR cohort (PR = 1.06, 95% CI 1.04–1.09, P < 0.0001). NSAID use decreased from 76% to 50% in the TKR cohort (PR = 0.96, 95% CI 0.95–0.96, P < 0.0001), and from 81% to 47% in THR cohort (PR = 0.95, 95% CI 0.94–0.95, P < 0.0001). Corticosteroid injections prevalence also decreased (TKR: 21–18%, PR = 0.97, 95% CI 0.96–0.97, P < 0.001, THR: 18–17%, PR = 0.97, 95% CI 0.96–0.98, P < 0.001). Conclusion: Pain medication utilization prior to joint replacement surgery changed significantly in this national older cohort of patients during the 2000s.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)356-362
Number of pages7
JournalOsteoarthritis and Cartilage
Volume26
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2018
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Analgesics
  • Opioids
  • Total joint replacement

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Rheumatology
  • Biomedical Engineering
  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine

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