Predictors of hypertension in mauritians with normotension and prehypertension at baseline: A cohort study

Sudhirsen Kowlessur, Zhibin Hu, Jaysing Heecharan, Jianming Wang, Juncheng Dai, Jaakko O. Tuomilehto, Stefan Söderberg, Paul Zimmet, Noël C. Barengo

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2 Citations (Scopus)


Information on the predictors of future hypertension in Mauritians with prehypertension is scant. The aim of this study was to analyze the 5-year and 11-year risk of hypertension and its predictors in people with normotension and prehypertension at baseline in Mauritius in 1987. This was a retrospective cohort study of 883 men and 1194 women of Mauritian Indian and Mauritian Creole ethnicity, aged 25–74 years old, free of hypertension at baseline in 1987 with follow-up examinations in 1992 and 1998 using the same methodology. The main outcome was 5-and 11-year risk of hypertension. Odds ratios (OR) and corresponding 95% confidence intervals (CI) were calculated. The 5-year risk of hypertension was 5.4-times higher in people with prehypertension compared with normotensive individuals at baseline. The corresponding odds for prehypertensive people at baseline regarding 11-year hypertension risk was 3.39 (95% CI 2.67–4.29) in the adjusted logistic regression models. Being of Creole ethnicity (OR 1.42; 95% CI 1.09–1.86) increased the 11-year odds of hypertension compared with the Indian population. It is of importance to screen for people with prehypertension and implement strategies to reduce their systolic blood pressure levels to the recommended levels of 120/80 mmHg. Special attention needs to be given to Mauritians of Creole ethnicity.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1394
JournalInternational journal of environmental research and public health
Issue number7
Publication statusPublished - 2 Jul 2018


  • Africa
  • Central obesity
  • Diastolic blood pressure
  • Ethnicity
  • Follow-up
  • Overweight
  • Risk prediction
  • Systolic blood pressure

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis

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