Prediction of Preterm Birth in Multiple Pregnancies: Development of a Multivariable Model Including Cervical Length Measurement at 16 to 21 Weeks' Gestation

Lidewij van de Mheen, Ewoud Schuit, Arianne C. Lim, Martina M. Porath, Dimitri Papatsonis, Jan J. Erwich, Jim van Eyck, Charlotte M. van Oirschot, Piet Hummel, Johannes J. Duvekot, Tom H M Hasaart, Rolf H H Groenwold, Karl G M Moons, Christianne J M de Groot, Hein W. Bruinse, Maria G. van Pampus, Ben W J Mol

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7 Citations (Scopus)


Objective: To develop a multivariable prognostic model for the risk of preterm delivery in women with multiple pregnancy that includes cervical length measurement at 16 to 21 weeks' gestation and other variables. Methods: We used data from a previous randomized trial. We assessed the association between maternal and pregnancy characteristics including cervical length measurement at 16 to 21 weeks' gestation and time to delivery using multivariable Cox regression modelling. Performance of the final model was assessed for the outcomes of preterm and very preterm delivery using calibration and discrimination measures. Results: We studied 507 women, of whom 270 (53%) delivered < 37 weeks (preterm) and 66 (13%) < 32 weeks (very preterm). Women with cervical length < 30 mm delivered more often preterm (hazard ratio 1.9; 95% CI 0.7 to 4.8). Other independently contributing predictors were previous preterm delivery, monochorionicity, smoking, educational level, and triplet pregnancy. Prediction models for preterm and very preterm delivery had a c-index of 0.68 (95% CI 0.63 to 0.72) and 0.68 (95% CI 0.62 to 0.75), respectively, and showed good calibration. Conclusion: In women with a multiple pregnancy, the risk of preterm delivery can be assessed with a multivariable model incorporating cervical length and other predictors.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)309-319
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Canada
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished or Issued - 2014


  • Cervical length measurement
  • Multiple pregnancy
  • Prediction
  • Preterm birth

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Obstetrics and Gynaecology

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