Predicting complications in pre-eclampsia: External validation of the fullPIERS model using the PETRA trial dataset

Joost Akkermans, Beth Payne, Peter Von Dadelszen, Henk Groen, Johanna De Vries, Laura A. Magee, Ben Willem Mol, Wessel Ganzevoort

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

18 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective: The internally validated fullPIERS model predicts adverse maternal outcomes in women with pre-eclampsia within 48 h after eligibility. Our objective was to assess generalizability of this prediction model. Study design: External validation study using prospectively collected data from two tertiary care obstetric centers. Methods: The existing PETRA dataset, a cohort of women (n = 216) with severe early-onset pre-eclampsia, eclampsia, HELLP syndrome or hypertension-associated fetal growth restriction was used. The fullPIERS model equation was applied to all women in the dataset using values collected within 48 h after inclusion. The performance (ROC area and R-squared) of the model, risk stratification and calibration were assessed from 48 h up to a week after inclusion. Results: Of 216 women in the PETRA trial, 73 (34%) experienced an adverse maternal outcome(s) at any time after inclusion. Adverse maternal outcome was observed in 32 (15%) cases within 48 h and 62 (29%) within 7 days after inclusion. The fullPIERS model predicted adverse maternal outcomes within 48 h (AUC ROC 0.97, 95% CI: 0.87-0.99) and up to 7 days after inclusion (AUC ROC 0.80, 95% CI: 0.70-0.87). Conclusions: The fullPIERS model performed well when applied to the PETRA dataset. These results confirm the usability of the fullPIERS prediction model as a 'rule-in' test for women admitted with severe pre-eclampsia, eclampsia, HELLP syndrome or hypertension-associated fetal growth restriction. Future research should focus on intervention studies that assess the clinical impact of strategies using the fullPIERS model.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)58-62
Number of pages5
JournalEuropean Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology and Reproductive Biology
Volume179
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2014

Keywords

  • Patient care management
  • Pre-eclampsia
  • Prognosis
  • Validation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Reproductive Medicine
  • Obstetrics and Gynaecology

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