Specific imatinib-resistant BCR-ABL1 mutations (Y253H, E255K/V, T315I, F317L, and F359V/C) predict failure of second-line nilotinib or dasatinib therapy in patients with chronic myeloid leukemia; however, such therapy also fails in approximately 40% of patients in the chronic phase of this disease who do not have these resistant mutations. We investigated whether sensitive mutation analysis could identify other poor-risk subgroups. Analysis was performed by direct sequencing and sensitive mass spectrometry on 220 imatinib-resistant patients before they began nilotinib or dasatinib therapy. Patients with resistant mutations by either method (n = 45) were excluded because inferior response was known. Of the remaining 175 patients, 19% had multiple mutations by mass spectrometry versus 9% by sequencing. Compared with 0 or 1 mutation, the presence of multiple mutations was associated with lower rates of complete cytogenetic response (50% vs 21%, P = .003) and major molecular response (31% vs 6%, P = .005) and a higher rate of new resistant mutations (25% vs 56%, P = .0009). Sensitive mutation analysis identified a poor-risk subgroup (15.5% of all patients) with multiple mutations not identified by standard screening.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cell Biology