Polished Cemented Femoral Stems Have a Lower Rate of Revision Than Matt Finished Cemented Stems in Total Hip Arthroplasty: An Analysis of 96,315 Cemented Femoral Stems

Wayne Hoskins, Dirk van Bavel, Michelle Lorimer, Richard N. de Steiger

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Matt and polished femoral stems have been historically grouped together in registry assessment of the outcome of cemented femoral stems in total hip arthroplasty. This is despite differences in the mode of fixation and biomechanics of loading. The aims of this study are to compare the survivorship of polished tapered stems with matt finished cemented stems. Methods: Data on primary total hip arthroplasty undertaken for a diagnosis of osteoarthritis from September 1999 to December 2014 were included from a National Joint Registry. Revision rates of the 2 different types of femoral components were compared. Results: There were 96,315 cemented femoral stems included, of which 82,972 were polished tapered and 13,343 matt finish. The cumulative percent revision at 14 years of polished stems was 3.6% (3.0-4.2) compared to 4.9% (4.1-5.7) for matt finish stems. Polished tapered stems had a significantly lower revision rate of femoral revision (hazard ratio 0.56, P <.001). This difference is evident in patients aged <75, and becomes apparent in the mid-term and continues to increase with time. Aseptic loosening accounts for 75% of revisions of matt finish stems compared to 20% for polished tapered stems. Conclusion: Although both polished and matt finish stems have excellent early to mid-term results, the long-term survivorship of polished stems is significantly better, with aseptic loosening becoming an issue with matt finish stems. In the future reports of cement fixation for femoral stems may benefit from separate analysis of polished and matt finish.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1472-1476
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Arthroplasty
Volume33
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 May 2018
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • hip
  • hip prosthesis
  • orthopedics
  • osteoarthritis
  • total hip arthroplasty

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine

Cite this