Point-of-care testing for chlamydia and gonorrhoea: Implications for clinical practice

Lisa Natoli, Lisa Maher, Mark Shephard, Belinda Hengel, Annie Tangey, Steven G. Badman, James Ward, Rebecca J. Guy

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

16 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objectives: Point-of-care (POC) testing for chlamydia (CT) and gonorrhoea (NG) offers a new approach to the diagnosis and management of these sexually transmitted infections (STIs) in remote Australian communities and other similar settings. Diagnosis of STIs in remote communities is typically symptom driven, and for those who are asymptomatic, treatment is generally delayed until specimens can be transported to the reference laboratory, results returned and the patient recalled. The objective of this study was to explore the clinical implications of using CT/NG POC tests in routine clinical care in remote settings. Methods: In-depth qualitative interviews were conducted with a purposively selected group of 18 key informants with a range of sexual health and laboratory expertise. Results: Participants highlighted the potential impact POC testing would have on different stages of the current STI management pathway in remote Aboriginal communities and how the pathway would change. They identified implications for offering a POC test, specimen collection, conducting the POC test, syndromic management of STIs, pelvic inflammatory disease diagnosis and management, interpretation and delivery of POC results, provision of treatment, contact tracing, management of client flow and wait time, and re-testing at 3 months after infection. Conclusions: The introduction of POC testing to improve STI service delivery requires careful consideration of both its advantages and limitations. The findings of this study will inform protocols for the implementation of CT/NG POC testing, and also STI testing and management guidelines.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere100518
JournalPloS one
Volume9
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 23 Jun 2014

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)
  • General

Cite this

Natoli, L., Maher, L., Shephard, M., Hengel, B., Tangey, A., Badman, S. G., ... Guy, R. J. (2014). Point-of-care testing for chlamydia and gonorrhoea: Implications for clinical practice. PloS one, 9(6), [e100518]. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0100518