The effect of peroperative transfusion was studied in 27 patients who had never had a blood-transfusion or been pregnant and who were receiving their first cadaver renal allograft. 13 patients in the treatment group were given 2 units of whole stored blood at transplantation, whereas 14 patients in the control group were given no blood. Actuarial analysis after 2 years showed a graft survival of 85% at 1 year in the treated group compared with 34% at 1 year in the control group (p=0.03). Transfusion of non-transfused patients during transplantation may be as effective as pregraft transfusion.
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