Periodontal ligament stem cell-mediated treatment for periodontitis in miniature swine

Yi Liu, Ying Zheng, Gang Ding, Dianji Fang, Chunmei Zhang, Peter Mark Bartold, Stan Gronthos, Songtao Shi, Songlin Wang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

358 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Periodontitis is a periodontal tissue infectious disease and the most common cause for tooth loss in adults. It has been linked to many systemic disorders, such as coronary artery disease, stroke, and diabetes. At present, there is no ideal therapeutic approach to cure periodontitis and achieve optimal periodontal tissue regeneration. In this study, we explored the potential of using autologous periodontal ligament stem cells (PDLSCs) to treat periodontal defects in a porcine model of periodontitis. The periodontal lesion was generated in the first molars area of miniature pigs by the surgical removal of bone and subsequent silk ligament suture around the cervical portion of the tooth. Autologous PDLSCs were obtained from extracted teeth of the miniature pigs and then expanded ex vivo to enrich PDLSC numbers. When transplanted into the surgically created periodontal defect areas, PDLSCs were capable of regenerating periodontal tissues, leading to a favorable treatment for periodontitis. This study demonstrates the feasibility of using stem cell-mediated tissue engineering to treat periodontal diseases.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1065-1073
Number of pages9
JournalStem Cells
Volume26
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Apr 2008

Keywords

  • Periodontal disease
  • Periodontal ligament stem cells
  • Regeneration
  • Tissue engineering

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Medicine
  • Developmental Biology
  • Cell Biology

Cite this

Liu, Y., Zheng, Y., Ding, G., Fang, D., Zhang, C., Bartold, P. M., ... Wang, S. (2008). Periodontal ligament stem cell-mediated treatment for periodontitis in miniature swine. Stem Cells, 26(4), 1065-1073. https://doi.org/10.1634/stemcells.2007-0734