Summary: Osteoporosis interventions targeting older Australians and clinicians were conducted in 2008 and 2011 as part of a national quality improvement program underpinned by behavioural theory and stakeholder engagement. Uptake of bone mineral density (BMD) tests among targeted men and women increased after both interventions and sustained increases in osteoporosis treatment were observed among men targeted in 2008. Purpose: Educational interventions incorporating patient-specific prescriber feedback have improved osteoporosis screening and treatment among at-risk patients in clinical trials but have not been evaluated nationally. This study assessed uptake of BMD testing and osteoporosis medicines following two national Australian quality improvement initiatives targeting women (70–79 years) and men (75–85 years) at risk of osteoporosis. Methods: Administrative health claims data were used to determine monthly rates of BMD testing and initiation of osteoporosis medicines in the 9-months post-intervention among targeted men and women compared to older cohorts of men and women. Log binomial regression models were used to assess differences between groups. Results: In 2008 91,794 patients were targeted and 52,427 were targeted in 2011. There was a twofold increase in BMD testing after each intervention among targeted patients compared to controls (p < 0.001). Initiation of osteoporosis medicines increased by 21% among men targeted in 2008 and 34% among men targeted in 2011 compared to older controls (p < 0.01). Initiation of osteoporosis medicines among targeted women was similar to the older controls. Conclusion: Programs underpinned by behavioural theory and stakeholder engagement that target both primary care clinicians and patients can improve osteoporosis screening and management at the national level.
- BMD testing
- Educational intervention
- Quality improvement
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Orthopedics and Sports Medicine