Newer equations better predict lung age in smokers: A retrospective analysis using a cohort of randomly selected participants

Wendy Newbury, Michelle Lorimer, Alan Crockett

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Aims: To produce new lung age equations using four previously published predictive equations for forced expiratory volume in 1 second and to compare them with lung age equations published in 1985 and 2010. Methods: Initial comparisons used phantom subjects of different ages and levels of lung function. Comparison of lung age equations by regression analysis used an independent dataset of 3,206 randomly selected community-dwelling adults aged >18 years in the North West Adelaide Health Study. Results: The more recent equations estimated lung age as greater than chronological age as lung function decreased, whereas the oldest equations estimated lung age as less than chronological age until lung function was severely limited. Significant differences (p<0.001) were detected by regression analysis, with four newer lung age equations being significantly different from the 1985 equation and one being no different. Conclusions: Lung age estimates using six predictive equations spanning 50 years show differences attributable to cohort and period effects. This reinforces the need for regular updating of predictive equations for lung function. These results further confirm the need to use modern lung age equations which will provide a stronger message in smoking cessation counselling.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)78-84
Number of pages7
JournalPrimary Care Respiratory Journal
Volume21
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished or Issued - Mar 2012

Keywords

  • COPD
  • Lung age
  • Predictive equations
  • Smoking cessation
  • Spirometry

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

Cite this