Aim Gastric vagal afferents are activated in response to mechanical stimulation, an effect attenuated by neuropeptide W (NPW) in 20-week-old female mice. In this study we aimed to determine whether there were age and sex dependent effects of NPW on gastric vagal afferent mechanosensitivity. Methods An in vitro gastro-oesophageal preparation was used to determine the effect of NPW on gastric vagal afferent mechanosensitivity from 8 and 20-week-old male and female C57BL/6 mice. Retrograde tracing and laser capture microdissection were used to selectively collect gastric vagal afferent cell bodies. Expression of NPW in the gastric mucosa and its receptor, GPR7, in gastric vagal afferent cell bodies was determined using quantitative RT-PCR. Results NPW inhibited gastric tension sensitive vagal afferents from 20-week-old male and female mice, but not 8-week-old mice. In contrast, NPW inhibited the mechanosensitivity of gastric mucosal vagal afferents in 8-week-old male and female mice, but not 20-week-old mice. NPW mRNA expression in the gastric mucosa was higher in 20-week-old male mice compared to 8-week-old male mice. GPR7 mRNA expression in vagal afferent neurons innervating the gastric muscular layers was higher in 20-week-old mice compared to 8-week-old mice in both sexes. Conclusion The inhibitory effect of NPW on gastric tension sensitive and mucosal vagal afferents is age but not sex-dependent. These findings suggest that the physiological role of NPW varies depending on the age of the mice.
- Neuropeptide W
- Vagal afferents
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience