Myocardial fibrosis as the first sign of cardiac involvement in a male patient with Fabry disease: Report of a clinical case and discussion on the utility of the magnetic resonance in Fabry pathology

Annalisa Sechi, Gaetano Nucifora, Gianluca Piccoli, Andrea Dardis, Bruno Bembi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR) with late gadolinium enhancement (LGE) imaging is increasingly used to assess myocardial involvement in patients with Fabry disease, an X linked lipid storage disorder. However, it is often proposed as an optional tool. A different cardiomyopathic disease progression between male and female patients was hypothesised in previous studies, as in female myocardial fibrosis was found without left ventricular (LV) hypertrophy, while myocardial fibrosis was always detected in association to LV hypertrophy in men.Case presentation: A male Caucasian patient, 19 years old, diagnosed through a family-based molecular screening, presented with LGE of the LV inferolateral wall evidenced at the CMR, without LV hypertrophy, or other clinical signs of the disease.Conclusion: This is the first report of cardiac fibrosis as the first sign of organ involvement in a male patient with Fabry disease. This finding stresses the importance of performing CMR with LGE imaging for the initial staging and monitoring of Fabry patients of both genders.

Original languageEnglish
Article number86
JournalBMC Cardiovascular Disorders
Volume14
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 16 Jul 2014

Keywords

  • Cardiovascular magnetic resonance
  • Fabry disease
  • Late gadolinium enhancement
  • Myocardial fibrosis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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