Mutant p53 drives multinucleation and invasion through a process that is suppressed by ANKRD11

J. E. Noll, J. Jeffery, F. Al-Ejeh, R. Kumar, K. K. Khanna, D. F. Callen, P. M. Neilsen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

41 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Mutations of p53 in cancer can result in a gain of function associated with tumour progression and metastasis. We show that inducible expression of several p53 hotspot mutants promote a range of centrosome abnormalities, including centrosome amplification, increased centrosome size and loss of cohesion, which lead to mitotic defects and multinucleation. These mutant p53-expressing cells also show a change in morphology and enhanced invasive capabilities. Consequently, we sought for a means to specifically target the function of mutant p53 in cancer cells. This study has identified ANKRD11 as a key regulator of the oncogenic potential of mutant p53. Loss of ANKRD11 expression with p53 mutation defines breast cancer patients with poor prognosis. ANKRD11 alleviates the mitotic defects driven by mutant p53 and suppresses mutant p53-mediated mesenchymal-like transformation and invasion. Mechanistically, we show that ANKRD11 restores a native conformation to the mutant p53 protein and causes dissociation of the mutant p53-p63 complex. This represents the first evidence of an endogenous protein with the capacity to suppress the oncogenic properties of mutant p53.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2836-2848
Number of pages13
JournalOncogene
Volume31
Issue number23
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 7 Jun 2012

Keywords

  • ANKRD11
  • centrosome aberrations
  • gain of function
  • invasion
  • mutant p53

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Biology
  • Genetics
  • Cancer Research

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