Mortality in the first year of aged care services in Australia

Maria C. Inacio, Catherine E. Lang, Jyoti Khadka, Amber M. Watt, Maria Crotty, Steve Wesselingh, Craig Whitehead

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Objective: To examine the one-year mortality of Australians entering aged care services compared with the general population. Methods: A population-based analysis evaluating one-year mortality among people who received first ever aged care services in 2013 compared with the general population was conducted. Results: In 2013, 3.3 million Australians were ≥ 65 years and 34 919 (1%) entered permanent residential care, 23 288 (0.7%) respite care, 20 265 (0.6%) commenced home care packages, and 15 387 (0.5%) transition care. Individuals receiving aged care services had higher mortality than the general population, with those entering permanent residential care (age and sex direct standardised mortality rate ratio = 10.1, 95% CI: 9.8-10.5) having the greatest difference, followed by people accessing respite (7.2, 95% CI: 6.9-7.6), transition (4.6, 95% CI: 4.4-4.9) and home care (4.1, 95% CI: 3.9-4.4). Significant variation by sex and age was observed. Conclusion: Our study has identified significant variations in mortality rates that highlight which cohorts entering aged care are the most vulnerable.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)e537-e544
JournalAustralasian Journal on Ageing
Volume39
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished or Issued - Dec 2020

Keywords

  • health services for the aged
  • healthy ageing
  • mortality
  • respite care
  • transitional care

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Community and Home Care
  • Geriatrics and Gerontology

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