Mortality in the first year of aged care services in Australia

Maria C. Inacio, Catherine E. Lang, Jyoti Khadka, Amber M. Watt, Maria Crotty, Steve Wesselingh, Craig Whitehead

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


Objective: To examine the one-year mortality of Australians entering aged care services compared with the general population. Methods: A population-based analysis evaluating one-year mortality among people who received first ever aged care services in 2013 compared with the general population was conducted. Results: In 2013, 3.3 million Australians were ≥ 65 years and 34 919 (1%) entered permanent residential care, 23 288 (0.7%) respite care, 20 265 (0.6%) commenced home care packages, and 15 387 (0.5%) transition care. Individuals receiving aged care services had higher mortality than the general population, with those entering permanent residential care (age and sex direct standardised mortality rate ratio = 10.1, 95% CI: 9.8-10.5) having the greatest difference, followed by people accessing respite (7.2, 95% CI: 6.9-7.6), transition (4.6, 95% CI: 4.4-4.9) and home care (4.1, 95% CI: 3.9-4.4). Significant variation by sex and age was observed. Conclusion: Our study has identified significant variations in mortality rates that highlight which cohorts entering aged care are the most vulnerable.

Original languageEnglish
Number of pages8
JournalAustralasian Journal on Ageing
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 1 Jan 2020


  • health services for the aged
  • healthy ageing
  • mortality
  • respite care
  • transitional care

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Community and Home Care
  • Geriatrics and Gerontology

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