Mortality implications of primary percutaneous coronary intervention treatment delays: Insights from the assessment of pexelizumab in acute myocardial infarction trial

Michael P. Hudson, Paul W. Armstrong, William W. O'Neil, Amanda L. Stebbins, Weaver W. Douglas, Petr Widimsky, Philip E. Aylward, Witold Ruzyllo, David Holmes, Kenneth W. Mahaffey, Christopher B. Granger

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

22 Citations (Scopus)


Background-Prior studies demonstrate a direct relationship between treatment delays to primary percutaneous intervention and mortality in patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). This analysis compared the relationship of symptom onset-to-balloon time and door-to-balloon time on mortality in patients with STEMI. Methods and Results-We analyzed different treatment delays (symptom onset-to-balloon time, door-to-balloon time) and mortality in 5745 STEMI patients. Baseline characteristics, flow grade, 90-day mortality, and clinical outcomes were compared in patients stratified by treatment delay. Multivariable logistic regression modeling was performed to assess the independent and relative effect of each treatment delay on 90-day mortality. Female sex, increased age, and worse thrombolysis in myocardial infarction flow grade were significantly associated with longer symptom onset-to-balloontimes and door-to-balloon times. Longer symptom onset-to-balloon time was significantly asso ciated with worse 90-day mortality (3.7%, 4.2%, and 6.5% for time delays<3 hours, 3 to 5 hours, and>5 hours, respectively, P<0.0001). Similarly, longer door-to-balloon times were significantly associated with worse 90-day mortality (3.2%, 4.0%, 4.6%, and 5.3% for delays< 60 minutes, 60 to 90 minutes, 90 to 120 minutes, and> 120 minutes respectively, P< 0.0001). In A multivariate model of 90-day mortality, door-to-balloon time (2 6.0, P< 0.014), and symptom onset-to-hospital arrival (x2 9.8, P< 0.007) remained independent determinants. Conclusions-Both symptom onset-to-balloon time and hospital door-to-balloon time are strongly associated with 90-day mortality following STEMI. Clinical Trial Registration-URL: Unique identifier: NCT00091637.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)183-192
Number of pages10
JournalCirculation: Cardiovascular Quality and Outcomes
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 1 Mar 2011


  • Angioplasty
  • Mortality
  • Myocardial infarction
  • Reperfusion

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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