Maternal undernutrition and intrauterine growth restriction

Rehana A. Salam, Jai K. Das, Anum Ali, Zohra Lassi, Zulfiqar A. Bhutta

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

8 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Though many countries are on-track in reducing poverty, less than a quarter of developing countries are on-track for achieving the goal of halving undernutrition. Maternal undernutrition is widely prevalent among women in the developing countries and encompasses both chronic energy as well as micronutrient deficiencies. Maternal undernutrition leads to intrauterine growth restriction and consequent low birth weight, stunting, wasting, underweight and other micronutrient deficiencies along with conditions predisposing to mortality. There are no effective therapies to reverse intrauterine growth restriction; hence focus should be on preventive strategies. In developing countries, the interventions likely to have the largest impact on intrauterine growth include caloric and micronutrient supplementation before and during pregnancy, coupled with supportive strategies for improving nutrition.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)559-567
Number of pages9
JournalExpert Review of Obstetrics and Gynecology
Volume8
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished or Issued - 14 Nov 2013

Keywords

  • intrauterine growth restriction
  • intrauterine growth retardation
  • maternal nutrition
  • undernutrition

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Reproductive Medicine
  • Obstetrics and Gynaecology
  • Maternity and Midwifery

Cite this