Lysosomal storage disorders represent a group of over 45 distinct genetic diseases, each one resulting from a deficiency of a particular lysosomal protein or, in a few cases, from non-lysosomal proteins that are involved in lysosomal biogenesis. A common biochemical feature of this group of disorders is the accumulation within lysosomes of undegraded or partially degraded substrates that are normally degraded within, and transported out of the lysosome. The particular substrates stored and the site(s) of storage vary with disease type and enzyme/protein deficiency. The nature of the substrate can be used to group the disorders into broad categories including the mucopolysaccharidoses, lipidoses, glycogenoses and oligosaccharidoses. These categories show many clinical similarities within groups as well as significant similarities between groups. For most lysosomal storage disorders the relationship between the stored substrates (type, amount and location) and the disease pathology is not well understood. The use of mass spectrometry and in particular tandem mass spectrometry provides a powerful tool for the investigation of stored substrates in this group of disorders. In this review we will describe the use of mass spectrometry for the analysis of stored substrates. We will discuss progress in the field, limitations of current methods, and summarise issues relating to the diagnosis and treatment of some of the more prevalent lysosomal storage disorders.
|Number of pages||9|
|Journal||Cellular and molecular biology (Noisy-le-Grand, France)|
|Publication status||Published or Issued - 1 Jan 2003|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology
- Cell Biology