Mass spectrometric quantification of glycogen to assess primary substrate accumulation in the Pompe mouse

Maria Fuller, Stephen Duplock, Christopher Turner, Philippa Davey, Doug A. Brooks, John J. Hopwood, Peter J. Meikle

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Citations (Scopus)


Glycogen storage in the α-glucosidase knockout(6neo/6neo) mouse recapitulates the biochemical defect that occurs in the human condition; as such, this mouse serves as a model for the inherited metabolic deficiency of lysosomal acid α-glucosidase known as Pompe disease. Although this model has been widely used for the assessment of therapies, the time course of glycogen accumulation that occurs as untreated Pompe mice age has not been reported. To address this, we developed a quantitative method involving amyloglucosidase digestion of glycogen and quantification of the resulting free glucose by liquid chromatography/electrospray ionization-tandem mass spectrometry. The method was sensitive enough to measure as little as 0.1 μg of glycogen in tissue extracts with intra- and interassay coefficients of variation of less than 12%. Quantification of glycogen in tissues from Pompe mice from birth to 26 weeks of age showed that, in addition to the accumulation of glycogen in the heart and skeletal muscle, glycogen also progressively accumulated in the brain, diaphragm, and skin. Glycogen storage was also evident at birth in these tissues. This method may be particularly useful for longitudinal assessment of glycogen reduction in response to experimental therapies being trialed in this model.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)759-763
Number of pages5
JournalAnalytical Biochemistry
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished or Issued - 15 Feb 2012
Externally publishedYes


  • Glycogen
  • Mass spectrometry
  • Mouse
  • Pompe disease

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biophysics
  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

Cite this