Maroteaux-Lamy syndrome: Functional characterization of pathogenic mutations and polymorphisms in the arylsulfatase B gene

Elena Garrido, Bru Cormand, John J. Hopwood, Amparo Chabás, Daniel Grinberg, Lluïsa Vilageliu

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21 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Mucopolysaccharidosis VI (MPS VI; Maroteaux-Lamy syndrome) is an autosomal recessive lysosomal disorder caused by deficiency of N-acetylgalactosamine-4-sulfatase (ARSB), which is required for the degradation of dermatan sulfate. We recently reported mutational screening of 12 Spanish and 4 Argentinian MPS VI patients. In the present study, seven missense mutations (c.245T > G [p.L82R], c.413A > G [p.Y138C], c.719C > T [p.S240F], c.922G > A [p.G308R], c.937C > G [p.P313A], c.1340G > T [p.C447F] and c.1415T > C [p.L472P]) were transiently expressed in COS-7 cells and 4-sulfatase activity was measured in cell extracts. All mutations resulted in less than 6% of wild-type enzyme activity, in most cases undetectable. Mutations were expressed in their original haplotype context with respect to two non-synonymous polymorphisms present in the ARSB protein, p.V358M and p.S384N. The three less frequent haplotype combinations yielded an ARSB activity of 16%, 57% and 70%, when compared to the most frequent haplotype (p.358V and p.384S). Western blot analyses showed that the expressed mutations significantly reduced the amount of mature protein. Sub-cellular localization studies of mutant ARSB proteins in fibroblasts of MPS VI patients were performed. RNA analysis confirmed that nonsense-mediated RNA decay had taken place for all mutant alleles (c.1143 - 1G > C, c.1143 - 8T > G, p.W322X, c.427delG and c.1142 + 2T > A) which were candidates for causing RNA degradation by this mechanism. In summary, all the ARSB mutations studied had a significant effect on enzyme activity, protein processing and/or mRNA stability.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)305-312
Number of pages8
JournalMolecular Genetics and Metabolism
Volume94
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2008

Keywords

  • COS-7 cells
  • Indirect immunofluorescence
  • Maroteaux-Lamy syndrome
  • N-Acetylgalactosamine-4-sulfatase
  • Nonsense-mediated RNA decay
  • Transient expression

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Genetics
  • Endocrinology

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