Mannose binding lectin acute phase activity in patients with severe infection

M. M. Dean, R. M. Minchinton, Susan Heatley, D. P. Eisen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

74 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Mannose Binding Lectin (MBL) is a liver derived, circulating plasma protein that plays a pivotal role in innate immunity. MBL functions as a pathogen recognition molecule, opsonising organisms and initiating the complement cascade. MBL deficiency arising from mutations and promoter polymorphisms in the MBL2 gene is common and has been associated with risk, severity, and frequency of infection in a number of clinical settings. With MBL therapy on the horizon, the usefulness of replacement MBL therapy has been challenged by the notion, that as an acute phase protein, MBL levels may rise under stress to sufficient levels, in individuals who are usually deficient. This report demonstrates that in patients with sepsis and septic shock, the majority of patients do not display an MBL acute phase response: 41.4% of individuals maintained consistent MBL levels throughout hospital stay, 31.3% of individuals demonstrated a positive acute phase response, and a negative acute phase response was observed in 27.3% of individuals studied. Importantly, a positive acute phase response was generally observed in individuals with wild-type MBL2 genes. When a positive acute phase response was observed in individuals with coding mutation, these individuals demonstrated a normal MBL level on admission to hospital. Furthermore, no individual, regardless of genotype who was MBL deficient at admission was able to demonstrate a positive acute phase response into the normal MBL range. These findings indicate MBL demonstrates a variable acute phase response in the clinical setting of sepsis and septic shock.

LanguageEnglish
Pages346-352
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Clinical Immunology
Volume25
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jul 2005
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Acute phase response
  • Inflammation
  • Mannose Binding Lectin
  • Sepsis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Immunology

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