Magnetic resonance-derived circumferential strain provides a superior and incremental assessment of improvement in contractile function in patients early after ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction

Dennis T L Wong, Darryl P. Leong, Michael J. Weightman, James D. Richardson, Benjamin K. Dundon, Peter J. Psaltis, Michael C H Leung, Ian T. Meredith, Matthew I. Worthley, Stephen G. Worthley

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

13 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: We evaluate whether circumferential strain derived from grid-tagged CMR is a better method for assessing improvement in segmental contractile function after STEMI compared to late gadolinium enhancement (LGE). Methods: STEMI patients post primary PCI underwent baseline CMR (day 3) and follow-up (day 90). Cine, grid-tagged and LGE images were acquired. Baseline LGE infarct hyperenhancement was categorised as ≤25%, 26-50%, 51-75% and >75% hyperenhancement. The segmental baseline circumferential strain (CS) and circumferential strain rate (CSR) were calculated from grid-tagged images. Segments demonstrating an improvement in wall motion of ≥1 grade compared to baseline were regarded as having improved segmental contractile-function. Results: Forty-five patients (aged 58±12 years) and 179 infarct segments were analysed. A baseline CS cutoff of -5% had sensitivity of 89%and specificity of 70%for detection of improvement in segmental-contractile-function. On receiver-operating characteristic analysis for predicting improvement in contractile function, AUC for baseline CS (0.82) compared favourably to LGE hyperenhancement (0.68), MVO (0.67) and baseline-CSR (0.74). On comparison of AUCs, baseline CS was superior to LGE hyperenhancement and MVO in predicting improvement in contractile function (P<0.001). On multivariate-analysis, baseline CS was the independent predictor of improvement in segmental contractile function (P<0.001). Conclusion: Grid-tagged CMR-derived baseline CS is a superior predictor of improvement in segmental contractile function, providing incremental value when added to LGE hyperenhancement and MVO following STEMI. Key points: • Baseline CS predicts contractile function recovery better than LGE and MVO following STEMI • Baseline CS predicts contractile function recovery better than baseline CSR following STEMI • Baseline CS provides incremental value to LGE and MVO following STEMI

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1219-1228
Number of pages10
JournalEuropean Radiology
Volume24
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished or Issued - Jun 2014

Keywords

  • Circumferential strain
  • Late gadoliniumenhancement
  • Magnetic resonance imaging
  • Myocardial viability
  • Myocardialgrid tagging

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

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