Lowering plasma homocysteine concentrations of older men and women with folate, vitamin B-12, and vitamin B-6 does not affect the proportion of (n-3) long chain polyunsaturated fatty acids in plasma phosphatidylcholine

Francesca L. Crowe, C. Murray Skeaff, Jennifer A. McMahon, Sheila M. Williams, Timothy J. Green

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13 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

There is evidence to suggest that folate, homocysteine, or both affect the (n-3) long chain PUFA composition of tissues; however, this evidence is derived largely from experiments with animals and small observational studies in humans. Results from randomized controlled trials are needed. The objective of this study was to determine whether homocysteine lowering with a B vitamin supplement affects the proportion of (n-3) long-chain PUFA in plasma phosphatidylcholine. We conducted a double-blind, placebo-controlled, randomized clinical trial involving 253 participants, 65 y or older, with plasma homocysteine concentrations of at least 13 μmol/L. Participants in the vitamin group (n= 127) took a daily supplement containing 1000 μg folate, 500 μg vitamin B-12, and 10 mg vitamin B-6 for 2 y. The fatty acid composition of plasma phosphatidylcholine was measured at baseline and at 2 y. Plasma homocysteine concentrations during the course of the study were 4.4μmol/L lower in the vitamin group than in the placebo group. The proportions of eicosapentaenoic, docosapentaenoic, and docosahexaenoic acids in plasma phosphatidylcholine did not differ between the vitamin and placebo groups at 2 y; the mean differences after adjusting for baseline values and sex were 20.03 (99% CI: -0.22, 0.16), 0.03 (99% CI: -0.03, 0.09), and -0.02 (99% CI: -0.27, 0.24) mol%, respectively. Lowering plasma homocysteine concentrations of older men and women with folate, vitamin B-12, and vitamin B-6 had no effect on the proportion of (n-3) long-chain PUFA in plasma phosphatidylcholine.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)551-555
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Nutrition
Volume138
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2008
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Nutrition and Dietetics

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