Low dose apolipoprotein A-I rescues carotid arteries from inflammation in vivo

Rajesh Puranik, Shisan Bao, Estelle Nobecourt, Stephen J. Nicholls, Gregory J. Dusting, Philip J. Barter, David S. Celermajer, Kerry Anne Rye

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64 Citations (Scopus)


This study investigates the ability of a single, low dose of apolipoprotein (apo) A-I, the main lipoprotein of high density lipoproteins (HDL), to inhibit acute vascular inflammation in normocholesterolemic New Zealand White rabbits. Acute vascular inflammation was induced in the animals by placing a non-occlusive, silastic collar around the left common carotid artery. The animals (n = 5/group) received a single, low dose infusion of saline or lipid-free apoA-I at the time of, or 3 or 9 h after collar insertion. The animals were sacrificed 24 h post-collar insertion. Inflammatory markers in the artery wall were quantitated immunohistochemically. The saline-treated animals exhibited substantial pan-arterial inflammation, which was inhibited by a single apoA-I infusion (2 or 8 mg/kg) at the time of collar insertion. A single 8 mg/kg infusion of lipid-free apoA-I administered 3 h post-collar insertion reduced neutrophil recruitment into the vessel wall, and MPO expression, as well as endothelial expression of vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 (VCAM-1) and intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1) by >85% (p < 0.01 for all). A single 8 mg/kg infusion of lipid-free apoA-I administered 9 h after collar insertion decreased VCAM-1 expression, neutrophil infiltration and MPO expression by 88% (p < 0.001), 47% (p < 0.01), and 90% (p < 0.01), respectively. This indicates that a single low dose infusion of apoA-I administered after the onset of acute inflammation in carotid arteries decreases neutrophil infiltration and inhibits neutrophil and endothelial cell activation. These findings have potential implications for treating acute vascular inflammation in conditions such as acute coronary and stroke syndromes.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)240-247
Number of pages8
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished or Issued - Jan 2008


  • Acute inflammation
  • Apolipoprotein A-I
  • High density lipoproteins

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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