Long-term follow-up of women with gestational diabetes mellitus: The South Australian gestational diabetes mellitus recall register: Original Article

Catherine R. Chittleborough, Katherine L. Baldock, Anne Taylor, William M. Hague, Toni Willson, Wendy Martin, Jenny Wood, Patrick J. Phillips

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

22 Citations (Scopus)


Background: Women who have had gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) are at increased risk of developing type 2 diabetes. Early detection and management of type 2 diabetes are important for reducing associated complications and costs. Aims: To evaluate an existing register for long-term follow-up of women who have been diagnosed with GDM. Methods: Recruitment to the GDM Recall Register began at the diabetes centres of two hospitals in South Australia from July 2002, and was expanded to include a third hospital from September 2005. Women enrolled on the Register are sent an annual letter reminding them that they are at increased risk of developing type 2 diabetes and encouraging them to get their blood glucose checked. An update form is also included for women to complete and return to the Register. Results: As at 30 June 2009, 817 women were enrolled on the Register. Of women diagnosed with GDM at the participating hospital sites, recruitment to the Register was 68.4% in 2002 and 64.4% in 2007. Of the 429 women who had been sent their first reminder letter, 46.4% had returned the update form. Of these, 56.3% had undergone a glucose test for diabetes. Two women reported developing type 2 diabetes. Conclusions: Expansion of the GDM Recall Register is likely to result in increased opportunities for early detection of diabetes for this high-risk group in South Australia, therefore allowing earlier intervention and treatment to prevent or reduce serious, costly diabetes-related complications.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)127-131
Number of pages5
JournalAustralian and New Zealand Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished or Issued - 1 Apr 2010
Externally publishedYes


  • Follow-up
  • Gestational diabetes
  • Prevention

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Obstetrics and Gynaecology

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