The present study investigates whether a 5 hour capacitation period modifies the ability of human spermatozoa to undergo induced acrosomal loss. Human sperm acrosomal loss was induced by treatment with either the calcium ionophore A23187, low concentrations of the phospholipid dilauroylphosphatidylcholine (PC12), or 2 hours incubation in conditioned medium prepared from human cumulus cells (CM/CC). The use of a dual staining method (FITC‐ConA and Hoechst 33258) for simultaneous assessment of acrosomal status and viability demonstrated that induction of acrosomal loss with calcium ionophore was not dependent on a capacitation period. A short (5 hour) incubation period was not sufficient to induce acrosomal loss with CM/CC above spontaneous acrosome reaction rates in medium alone. A significant capacitation‐dependent increase (P < 0.05) in acrosomal loss was observed when human spermatozoa were incubated with PC12. Induction of acrosomal loss of capacitated human spermatozoa with PC12 therefore provides a simple assay for the simultaneous assessment of human sperm capacitation and the acrosome reaction in vitro. © 1992 Wiley‐Liss, Inc.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Animal Science and Zoology